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Dr K K Aggarwal

CT not required in appendicitis

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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When a patient has all the signs of acute appendicitis, waiting to get a CT scan to confirm the diagnosis is not required.

Compared with a straight–to–surgery approach, the CT strategy is linked to delayed surgery and increased risk of a burst appendix.

Pre–operative CT is not necessary in cases with straightforward signs and symptoms of appendicitis. If, after a thorough physical examination, the diagnosis is still in question, then patients should be scanned. These patients tend to be older, female and have symptoms that are not typical for acute appendicitis.

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Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off

Values

  • Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.
  • Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad.
  • They are our standards.
  • When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.
  • Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.
  • Ethics are universal

Morals

  • Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.
  • These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).
  • By this definition, one could categorize the values like honesty, integrity, compassion as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

  • Ethics is about our actions and decisions.
  • When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.
  • When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.
  • The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.
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Is caffeine good for the health?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  •  Caffeine is the most consumed stimulant in the world. It is consumed in the form of coffee and tea.
  • At present there is no scientific data for promoting or discouraging coffee and/or tea consumption in the daily diet.
  • Short term benefits include mental alertness and improved athletic performance.
  • Short–term adverse effects including headache, anxiety, tremors and insomnia.
  • Long–term adverse affects include generalized anxiety disorder and substance abuse disorders.
  • Long–term benefits are dose–dependent. Caffeine is associated with a reduced risk of Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, alcoholic cirrhosis and gout. Coffee, both caffeinated and decaffeinated, is also associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Heavy coffee intake may trigger coronary and arrhythmic events in susceptible individuals, although coffee intake is not considered a long–term risk factor for myocardial disease.
  • Most studies show a modest inverse relationship between coffee consumption and all–cause mortality.
  • Caffeine withdrawal is a well–documented clinical syndrome with headache being the most common symptom. (Source: Uptodate)
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Yoga Sutras of Patanjali define yoga as restraint of the mental states (Chapter 1.2). In the state of total restraint, the mind is devoid of any external object and is in its true self or the consciousness. Many Vedic scholars have given their own formulae to control the mind.


Being in touch with one’s own consciousness requires restraining of the mind, intellect and ego on one hand and the triad of rajas, tamas and satwa on the other hand. Every action leads to a memory, which in turn leads to a desire and with this a vicious cycle starts.

The mental turmoil of thoughts can be equated to the internal noise and the external desires and objects to an external noise.

The process of withdrawing from the external noise with an aim to start a journey inwards the silent field of awareness bypassing the internal noise is called pratihara by Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. It involves living in a satwik atmosphere based on the dos and don’ts learnt over a period of time or as told by the scriptures. To control inner noise-based thoughts, we either need to neutralize negative thoughts by cultivating opposite thoughts or kill the origin of negative thoughts.

Not allowing thoughts to occur has been one of the strategies mentioned by the scholars. One of them has been neti–neti by Yagnayakya.

The other method is to pass through these inner thoughts and not get disturbed by it and that is what the process of meditation is. This can be equated to a situation where two people are talking in an atmosphere of loud external noise. For proper communication one will have to concentrate on each other’s voice for long till the external noise ceases to disturb. In meditation, one concentrates on the object of concentration to such an extent that the noisy thoughts cease to bother or exist.

One of the ways mentioned by Adi Shankaracharya in Bhaja Govindam and by Yoga Sutras of Patanjali (Chapter 2.35) is that whenever one is surrounded by evil or negative thoughts one should meditate open the contrary thoughts. For example, if one is feeling greedy, one can think of donating something to somebody. Deepak Chopra in his book Seven Laws of Spiritual Success talks in detail about the importance of giving and sharing. He says you should never visit friends or relations empty handed. You should always carry some gift of nature, which if nothing is available can be a simple smile, compliment or a flower. By repeatedly indulging into positive behavior and thoughts, you can reduce the internal noise, which helps in making the process of meditation or conscious living a simpler one.

Washing out negative thoughts is another way mentioned by many Vedic scholars. Writing for 3 min is one such exercise which anybody can do. Just before sleeping, take 3 min and write down all your emotions and then discard the paper. Another exercise is to reward or punish oneself at bed time for the activities done during the day by either patting or slapping yourself.

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50% of adverse drug reactions can be prevented

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Over 50% of all adverse drug reactions treated in hospitals and emergency care are preventable.

Many preventable drug reactions like drug overdoses and internal bleeding associated with the improper use of blood thinners and painkillers are life-threatening, especially in the elderly. There are many reasons for these reactions and may include poor coordination of care, lack of time and knowledge among health professionals, and lack of patient education, according to Swedish researchers, who conducted a meta-analysis of 22 studies. Human error is inevitable, and therefore systems must be made to reduce the error. The study concluded that:

  • In outpatient setting, the frequency of preventable adverse drug reactions resulting in hospitalization or emergency treatment is 2%; of these, 51% are preventable.
  • In the elderly, 71% of drug reactions are preventable.
  • In admitted patients, the frequency of harmful drug reactions is 1.6% and 45% of them are preventable.
  • A third of preventable adverse drug reactions are life-threatening.
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Shiksha and Sabhyata

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Suno, Samjho, Jaano and Karo is the mantra for education and involves not only hearing but listening and understanding and converting understanding into wisdom by doing it practically.

One of the components of education is etiquettes or manners, which can be at every level of education. In older era, Rajkumars or princes were sent to Gurukuls for formal education including that of warriorship. They were also sent to Gharanas/Kothas to learn tehzeeb the Lucknawi way where they were taught how to talk to each other and respect others. Their language in typically Lucknawi style used to be ‘we’ oriented and not ‘I’ oriented. Today’s education is more oriented towards ‘I–ness’ or ego and not towards the soul or respect.

When we were students, we were taught that a senior is a senior and needs to be respected. Even today, when we meet our teachers, we take their blessings by touching their feet but today’s students believe in shaking hands or saying ‘hi’. There is more and more commercial touch in the teacher–student relationship of today.

Ego makes one rude and arrogant with a mentality full of Rajas and Tamas. Road rage, gang rapes, murders, violence, terrorism are all examples of not learning etiquettes at the right time.

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Collective Consciousness

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Consciousness is an energized field of information with powers to do everything in the universe. Collective consciousness is the internet of the collective souls of many people in a group.

Collective consciousness is the strongest superpower ever available in the universe. As per the Vedic texts whatever is the intent of collective consciousness will become a reality. Scientifically collective consciousness is based on the principle of critical mass. The Vedic literature has shown it to be the 1% of the defined population under study.

The origin of the critical mass comes from 100th monkey phenomenon. The story goes as under: long ago in Japan a monkey called Emo used to eat dirty apples everyday picked up from the ground. One day by accident the apple fell down in a river, the dirt got washed off and he ate the washed apple. Obviously it tasted delicious. The monkey started washing the apple thereafter every day before eating. His fellow monkey started following the same. The process of following went on. A time came when the 100th monkey washed the apple and ate. A strange phenomenon was noticed. All monkeys in and around that state started washing the apple before eating. The number 100 was the critical mass.

Once this mass is crossed, information spreads like wild fire and the intent becomes a universal reality. Vedic literature has also shown if 1% of the public of any area meditates together the crime rate of that area goes down. It also talks about the role of critical mass in prayers in achieving miracles.

The principle of critical mass is often used in designing and organizing an event. In a movie hall of 1000 people if 10 people sitting in different areas clap, then everybody will clap. The same applies to hooting. Most politicians use this principle when they organize election rallies. For a gathering of 10000 they need 100 and for a gathering of 1000 people they only need 10 supporters who are supposed to sit in different areas and shout or clap on given directions. The Mexican way of hooting or clapping in cricket grounds also follow the same principle. Most successful leaders used this technology to lead.

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