• Low functioning thyroid is a new epidemic of the society affecting more than 3% of people. If thyroid function is low, it causes weight gain, loss of energy, cold intolerance and menstrual irregularities in women.

• All people who are aged 50 and above should have their thyroid profile (TSH test) done to look for thyroid deficiency.

• In younger people, or in cases of infertility, menstrual irregularity, pregnancy, weight gain, one should check for thyroid deficiency.

• Iodized salt should be used to prevent thyroid deficiency.

• Non–iodized salt is only used in two conditions: firstly in patient with thyroid inflammation and secondly, while doing Jalneti in naturopathy, a yoga–related nasal wash technique.

• Even mild thyroid deficiency in pregnancy can affect the growth of fetus; hence, dose requirement of thyroid medicine is much higher in pregnancy than in non–pregnancy.

• In the elderly, the dose of thyroid medicine to be started is always low as compared to one in the adults.

• If thyroid deficiency is untreated, osteoporosis (thickening of bone) and/or atrial fibrillation (irregular and fast heart rate) may result. Osteoporosis can cause recurrent fractures and atrial fibrillation may cause brain paralysis.

• In Allopathic medicine, thyroid deficiency is treated by synthetic T4 hormone replacement. In TFSP, thyroid extracts are available, which contain both T4 and T3 potential drugs.

• In Ayurveda, thyroid stimulant drugs are available but they are effective only if some amount of thyroid gland is available.

• As per Ayurveda, eating soya and drinking water from copper vessel is good for thyroid.

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