There are four major food groups that should form a part of a child’s diet plan. These include:

  1. Bread, rice, potatoes, and other starchy foods. This forms the largest portion of the diet and provides calories for energy and carbohydrates that are converted to sugars which provide energy.
  2. Milk and dairy foods: These are vital sources of fats and simple sugars like lactose as well as minerals like calcium
  3. Fruit and vegetables: These are vital sources of vitamins and minerals as well as fiber and roughage for better digestive health
  4. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein: These form the building blocks of the body and help in numerous body and enzyme functions.
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