1. Avoiding rodents (multimammate rats).
  2. Consider all patients as infectious even if signs and symptoms are mild.
  3. All standard, contact, and droplet precautions as well as correct use of appropriate personal protective equipment should be strictly adhered to.
  4. Blood and body fluid specimens from patients with suspected Lassa fever infection should be considered highly infectious. Caution should be exercised when handling such material.
  5. Postexposure prophylaxis with oral ribavirin for contacts with known or suspected Lassa fever infection with risk factors for transmission such as penetrating needle stick injury, exposure of mucous membranes or broken skin to blood or body fluids, and participation in procedures involving exposure to bodily fluids or respiratory secretions without use of personal protective equipment.
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