Ayurveda classifies human personality and body into different types scientifically. As per the concept the universe is made up of five elements: space, air, fire, water and earth.

As is the macrocosm so is the microcosm is a common Vedic saying. Human body according to Ayurveda is also made up of these five elements, which in turn in the body unites together to perform three main functions:  movement, metabolism and structure. Ayurveda terms them as doshas and the person as per the predominant dosha is said to have a particular prakriti called Vata, Pitta and Kapha. In allopathic language the Vata represents movement function, Pitta metabolism and Kapha represents structure.

 People with Vata predominant dosha have predominant space and air elements, Pitta have fire and water elements and Kapha have earth and water elements.

Having predominant space and air elements, Vata people are thin built and have tendencies for movement and airy disorders. They suffer from pain, palpitation, dysmenorrhea, renal colic, gall bladder colic, anxiety, insomnia, constipation, diarrhea, addictions, etc. Vata people have dry and cold hands.

Pitta being predominant in metabolism, fire and water, are medium built in personality and often suffer from acidity, skin infections, fevers, spleen, kidney and liver disorders, early graying of hair, heart disease, paralysis, etc. Pitta people have hot and moist hands.

Kapha people with predominant structure, earth and water components, are heavy built and often suffer from depression, diabetes, obesity, lethargies, early morning sleepiness, etc. Kapha people have moist and cold hands.

The main purpose of Ayurveda is to balance these doshas in respective persons. According to ayurvedic texts all doshas are perfect provided the doshas are not vitiated.

In terms of food, Vata gets aggravated with astringent, pungent and bitter tastes, Pitta by pungent, sour and salt tastes and Kapha by sweet, sour and salt tastes.

In terms of colour preference, Vata likes green colour, Pitta like blue and Kapha like red colour. In terms of music Vata people like fast music and Kapha people like slow music. In terms of sports, Vata and Pitta are fast runners and Kapha like indoor games.

 Take an example of a person waiting at railway station for the train. Vata person will become restless if the train is late enquiring about the same again and again often with a cigarette in the hand. Pitta person on the other hand will go to the enquiry counter, enquire and come back. And if the train does not come at the speculated time he will start shouting and showing his ego that he will get an enquiry officer terminated using his contacts. The Kapha persons on the other hand will be seen calm and bother less and will tell the enquiry officer that “I am relaxing in the lounge and whenever the train comes please inform me.”

 Vata people are best front line workers, Pitta best managers and Kapha best rulers. In terms of marital relationships, two Vata partners will be seen quarrelling all the time and also settling very fast. The worst relationship is between two Pitta partners especially if both are professionals as their ego will clash on tiny issues. Two Kapha partners are the best partners and often declared as made for each other couple. To be a good wife a lady should have some of the Kapha characters.

As per the constitution a person can be Vata, Pitta or Kapha, Vata-Pitta, Vata-Kapha, Pitta-Vata, Pitta-Kapha, Kapha-Vata and Kapha-Pitta or he can be Vata-Pitta-Kapha in equal proportions.

 In terms of timings 6 am to 10 am is the Kapha period, 10 am – 2 pm is the Pitta period and 2pm to 6 am is the Vata period and so on. In terms of season, Vata season is dry and cold, Pitta hot and humid and Kapha cold and humid.

 In terms of age, childhood is the Kapha period, adulthood is the Pitta period and old age is the Vata period.

By looking at a person, his habits, pulse and other parameters it is possible to know the personality of a person, his or her proneness to diseases and behaviors which will pacify doshas.

 Like Vata, Pitta and Kapha there are Gunas in mind and they are Satwa, Rajas and Tamas where Satwa represents purity of mind, Rajas aggression and Tamas inertia. Tamas usually goes with Kapha, Rajas with Pitta and Satwa with Vata.

 A particular disease may develop according to the personality. In terms of joint involvement, Vata will have arthalgia (joint pains), Pitta will have inflammation and Kapha will have swelling. In tuberculosis a Vata person will suffer from fibrosis, Pitta from inflammatory ulcerative lesions and Kapha from water collection. In terms of cancer, Vata cancers will be stricture based, Pitta ulcerative based and Kapha cauliflower based.