1. Keep fit and active, it helps reduce your blood pressure and on the move for kidney health.

2. Control of your blood sugar level.

3. Monitor your blood pressure: It is also the most common cause of kidney damage. High blood pressure is especially likely to cause kidney damage when associated with other factors like diabetes, high cholesterol and c

4. Eat healthy and keep your weight in check as this can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Reduce your salt intake. The recommended sodium intake is 5-6 grams of salt per day (around a teaspoon). In order to reduce your salt intake, try and limit the amount of processed and restaurant food and do not add salt to food. It will be easier to control your intake if you prepare the food yourself with fresh ingredients.

5. Maintain a healthy fluid intake: Traditional wisdom has long suggested drinking 1.5 to 2 liters (3 to 4 pints) of water per day. Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing chronic kidney disease. But do not advocate “aggressive fluid loading”, which can cause side effects.

6. Do not smoke as it slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50 percent.

7. Do not take over-the-counter (OTC) pills on a regular basis: drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly.

8. Get the kidney function checked if you have one or more of the ‘high risk’ factors