Sub Logo

Dr K K Aggarwal

Tackling obesity in children

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Tackling obesity in children

More than 30 people of the society including children have potbelly abdominal obesity. India is witnessing an epidemic of metabolic syndrome which is characterized by abdominal obesity high triglyceride low good cholesterol high blood pressure and high sugar. Abdominal girth of more than 90 cm in men and 80 cm in women indicates that the person is vulnerable to future heart attack. Normal weight obesity is the new epidemic of the society. A person could be obese even if his her body weight was within the normal range. An extra inch of fat around the abdomen increases the chances of heart disease by 1.5 times. Normally once the height stops growing most organs will also stop growing. The weight of the heart liver of kidney cannot increase after that. Only muscles can build up to some extent. The only thing after that stage which can increase the weight of the body is deposition of fat. Therefore any weight gain after puberty is invariably due to fat. Though the overall weight can be in the acceptable normal range but any weight gain within that range will be abnormal for that person. One should not gain weight of more than 5 kg after the age of 20 years in males and 18 years in females. After the age of 50 the weight should reduce and not increase. Potbelly obesity is linked to eating refined carbohydrates and not animal fats. General obesity is linked to eating animal fats. Refined carbohydrate includes white rice white maida and white sugar. Brown sugar is better than white sugar. Refined carbohydrates are called bad carbohydrates and animal fat is called bad fat. Trans fat or vanaspati is bad for health. Trans fats increase the levels of bad cholesterol and reduce good cholesterol in the body. Reduction in weight can reduce snoring pain of arthritis blood pressure and control uncontrolled diabetes.

Traditionally, we recognize Raksha Bandhan as a bond of love between a brother and a sister. Rakhi is synonymous with purity of the relationship. The tying of the rakhi also denotes the brother’s vow to protect his sister. The Raksha Bandhan festival represents the spirit of fraternity. It is a traditional way to celebrate the unconditional love between siblings. The word ‘Raksha’ means protection and ‘Bandhan’ signifies bondage. Rakhi is a sacred that sister ties on her brother’s wrist to protect him from all types of negativity in life. The brother also vows to protect his loving sister by offering her a suitable gift. This festival that glorifies precious emotions of love, care and affection Give your sister the precious gift of good health on this Raksha Bandhan. Gift her a health checkup package. Share love not sweets. Sweets are rich in trans-fats and refined carbohydrates. Trans-fats increase LDL or the bad cholesterol and lower HDL or the healthy cholesterol and increase the risk for diseases like heart attack. Sweets that are made of hydrogenated fats are rich in trans-fats. Also, do not gift chocolates as they are rich in refined sugar and saturated fats. They can be harmful to the health. Chocolates can increase the chances of fatty liver, abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Give dry fruits, jaggery chana, sattu, fruits instead of sweets, chocolates and cookies. All women needs iron an proteins. Jaggery is high in iron and chana (black gram) in proteins. Sattu is the natural healthy fast food and good for the health. Fresh fruits are health friendly. One should eat atleast 3-5 servings of fruits every day, Dry fruits are protective as they have high contents of natural vitamin E. The views and opinions expressed in the text are entirely my personal views.

The majority of known risk factors for heart attack disease are modifiable by specific preventive measures.

Nine potentially modifiable factors: include smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, abdominal obesity, psychosocial factors, regular alcohol consumption, and one should daily consume of fruits and vegetables and do regular physical activity. These account for over 90 percent of the population attributable risk of a first heart attack.

In addition, aspirin is recommended for primary prevention of heart disease for men and women whose 10-year risk of a first heart attack event is 6 percent or greater.

Smoking cessation reduces the risk of both heart attack and stroke. One year after quitting, the risk of heart attack and death from heart disease is reduced by one-half, and after several years begins to approach that of nonsmokers.

A number of observational studies have shown a strong inverse relationship between leisure time activity and decreased risks of CVD. Walking 80 minutes in a day and whenever possible with a speed of 80 steps per minute are the current recommendations.