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Dr K K Aggarwal

Definition of Health

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Health is not mere absence of disease, it is a state of physical, mental, social, spiritual, environmental and financial well-being. All aspects of health are not defined in allopathy.

During MBBS, medical students are taught more about the physical health. Social and mental health are covered only in few lectures. Community health is a separate subject but never given its due importance. Spiritual health is not defined at all and financial health is hardly covered.

Yet, in day-to-day practice it is the social, financial, spiritual and community health, which are most important during patient-doctor communication. It is incorporated in the four basic purposes: dharma, artha, kama and moksha.

Dharma and artha together form the basis of karma, which is righteous earning. You are what your deep rooted desires are. Most of the diseases today can be traced to a particular emotion, positive or negative. Anger and jealousy are related with heart attack, fear with blood pressure, greed and possessiveness with heart failure. Unless the mind is healthy, one cannot be free of diseases.

The best description of health comes from Ayurveda. In Sanskrit, health means swasthya, which means establishment in the self. One is established in the self when there is a union of mind, body and soul. Most symbols of health are established around a shaft with two snakes and two wings. The shaft represents the body, two snakes represent the duality of mind and the two wings represent the freedom of soul.

Sushrut Samhita, in Chapter 15 Shloka 10, defines the Ayurvedic person as under:

Samadosha, samagnischa,

Samadhatumalkriyah,

Prasannatmendriyamanah,

Swastha iti abhidhiyate.

From an Ayurvedic point of view, for a person to be healthy, he/she must have balanced doshas, balanced agni, balanced dhatus, normal functioning of malkriyas and mind, body, spirit and indriya full of bliss and happiness.

Human body is made up of structures (Kapha), which have two basic functions to perform; metabolism (pitta) and movement (vata). Vata, pitta and kapha are called doshas in Ayurveda. Samana dosha means balance of structures, metabolism and movement functions in the body. Agni in Ayurveda is said to be in balance when a person has normal tejas and a good appetite.

Ayurveda describes seven dhatus: rasa, rakta, mamsa, medha, asthi, majja, shukra and they are required to be in balance. They are equivalent to various tissues in the human body.

Ayurveda necessitates proper functioning of natural urges like urination, stool, sweating and breathing and that is what balance in malakriya means.

Ayurveda says, for a person to be healthy, he/she has to be mentally and spiritually healthy, which will only happen when his or her indriyas are cheerful, full of bliss and devoid of any negativities. For indriyas to be in balance, one has to learn to control over the lust cum desires, greed and ego. This can be done by learning regular pranayama, learning the do’s and don’ts in life, living in a disciplined atmosphere and learning to live in the present.Regular pranayama shifts one from sympathetic to parasympathetic mode, balances the mind and thoughts and helps in removing negative thoughts from the mind. One can follow the yama and niyama of yoga sutras of Patanjali or do’s and don’ts taught by various religious gurus, leaders and principles of naturopathy. Living in the present means conscious or meditative living. This involves either learning meditation 20 min twice a day or learning subtle mental exercises like mind–body relaxation, yogic shavasana, self–hypnotic exercises, etc.

According to Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, a person who eats thrice a day is a rogi, twice a day is a bhogi and once a day is yogi. The take home message is: To live more, one has to eat less.

Swar yoga defines the importance of respiration and longevity. According to this yoga shastra, everybody has a fixed number of breaths to be taken during the life span.

Lesser the number a person takes in a minute more is the life. It also forms the basis of pranayama which is nothing but longer and deeper breathing with reduced respiratory rate. To be healthy, one can remember to follow the principle of moderation and variety in diet and exercise, regular pranayama and meditation and positive thinking.

All systems of medicines work at different levels and are therefore complementary and not in competition with each other said Padma Shri & Dr. BC Roy National Awardee, Dr KK Aggarwal. He was speaking on the topic ‘Therapy and Treatment of Various Systems of Medicines’ at an International Seminar on Mind and Body in Health and Harmony in Asian Systems of Medicine at the India International Centre,New Delhi.

Dr. Aggarwal said that universe is made up of five elements and the science which deals with balance of these elements is Naturopathy. These five elements in the body form three humors based on movement, metabolism and structure and in Ayurvedic language they are called Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Balancing these three functions is what Ayurveda is. These three elements make seven dhatus (tissues) and they are Rasa (plasma), Rakta (blood), Mamsa (muscle), Medha (fat), Majja (bone marrow), Asthi (Bone) and Shukra (essence) of the human body. Ayurveda is balancing these seven dhatus. Tissues form receptors and organs; organs make up systems and therein lies the role of Allopathy.

When medicines are given in the form of matter, they can be from allopathy (opposite effect), tincture homeopathy (similar effect), fresh herbs (naturopathy) and extracts of the whole (Ayurveda).

When a matter is converted into non-matter before giving it as a medicine, it can be based on the principle of energy (homeopathy) or bhasma therapy of Ayurveda or void, which is beyond energy, and this is what Yoga and Meditation are.

Instead of all pathies working against each other, they should work in harmony with each other. The time has come for doctors of all pathies to sit together in one clinic and decide about a patient.

Earlier the conference was inaugurated by Prof. MGK Menon, an eminent scientist and introduced by Padma Shri Awardee, Dr. Ranjit Roy Chaudhury, National Professor ofNAMS.