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Dr K K Aggarwal

Some tips from HCFI to manage workplace stress

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  • Form positive relationships and take your colleagues into confidence when you feel a task is getting out of hand.
  • Start your day by eating a healthy and filling breakfast. This will not only help you concentrate but also ensure that you stay away from stress.
  • Get enough sleep and do not let work seep into your sleep time. Make sure you go to sleep around the same time every day.
  • Get about 30 minutes of physical activity every day. This will release endorphins, the feel-good hormones that can help uplift your mood.
  • Prioritize and organize your work. This will ensure that you avoid any backlogs that can spill on to your leisure time.

Some tips to avoid dyspepsia from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Identify the triggers For some these triggers could be food such as dairy products. Identifying the foods that trigger the symptoms and avoiding them is crucial.

Go for less gassy foods Avoid beans, cabbage, and cauliflower as these can cause gas. Consume more of foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

Eat smaller meals This will help your digestive system to adjust better to the condition.

Keep yourself adequately hydrated Drink plenty of water and other fluids. However, limit the consumption of caffeine and alcohol.

Lassa fever: Some tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Avoiding rodents (multimammate rats).
  2. Consider all patients as infectious even if signs and symptoms are mild.
  3. All standard, contact, and droplet precautions as well as correct use of appropriate personal protective equipment should be strictly adhered to.
  4. Blood and body fluid specimens from patients with suspected Lassa fever infection should be considered highly infectious. Caution should be exercised when handling such material.
  5. Postexposure prophylaxis with oral ribavirin for contacts with known or suspected Lassa fever infection with risk factors for transmission such as penetrating needle stick injury, exposure of mucous membranes or broken skin to blood or body fluids, and participation in procedures involving exposure to bodily fluids or respiratory secretions without use of personal protective equipment.

Some tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Exercises and stretches can help maintain strength and stop joints becoming stiff in children with spinal muscular atrophy. Although the amount of exercise will depend on the condition, its best to try and stay as active as possible.
  2. There are activities/exercises that can be done to strengthen the breathing muscles and make coughing easier.
  3. It is important for people with spinal muscular atrophy, especially children, to get the right nutrients. This will help with healthy growth and development. A dietitian can offer advice about feeding and diet.

Some health tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Be aware of the products you use in your home and on your skin. For example, cleaning products with harsh chemicals.
  2. Eat healthy and include lots of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. They contain fibre and substances that can help in flushing toxins out of your system.
  3. Take steps to combat stress as this lowers your immune system function. Exercise, sleep well, and meditate. You can also opt for yoga to get rid of stress.
  4. Sleep well as it reduces cortisol produced by the body during stress. It also balances leptin, which determines how much food we eat. If our leptin is off balance, most likely the body will feel that it never gets enough food, which leads to overeating.
  5. Reduce or quit smoking and drinking.

Some tips on thyroid disorders from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Hypothyroidism is linked to weight gain. Thus, a person with this condition can find it difficult to lose weight. Consume a diet rich in fibre and low in fat to maintain a healthy weight.
  2. Although it may be difficult to get moving in those with a sluggish thyroid, it is a good idea to push yourself to do some physical activity.
  3. Stress is known to exacerbate thyroid disorders. Do something to reduce those stress levels. It could be yoga, meditation, dance, or anything.
  4. Know the symptoms. Understand what the common symptoms of thyroid cancer are.
  5. Get Tested. Have your GP check for nodules and test TSH levels every few years if you have risk factors for cancer.

Some tips on Multiple sclerosis from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Eat a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and omega-3 fatty acids
  2. Movement of the body is crucial in patients with MS at every stage. Regular exercise promotes better flexibility, boosts balance, and can also help with common MS complications.
  3. Practice good sleep hygiene by sticking to a consistent sleep schedule, keeping the room dark and cool, avoiding too many fluids before bedtime, and creating a relaxing bedtime routine.
  4. Get plenty of Vitamin D. As per a recent research, people with MS who are vitamin D deficient tend to suffer more significant progression of the disease.
  5. Smoking is a big risk factor for having MS as well as for the worsening of the disease. Quit this habit as well as drinking to help manage symptoms.
  6. Talk to your near and dear ones if you feel depressed. This will help you feel better and positive. Try meditating for some time during the day.

Some tips on use of antibiotics from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Practice rational use of drugs antibiotics
  2. Use when needed and according to guidelines
  3. Avoid broad spectrum antibiotics without appropriate diagnosis
  4. Prevent infections with the use of vaccination and by improving basic hygiene including hand hygiene and infection control techniques and sanitation in health care settings as well as in the community
  5. Farmers and food industry must stop using antibiotics routinely to promote growth and prevent disease in healthy animals to prevent the spread of antibiotic resistance.

Some tips to prevent cancer from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Here are some ways in which one can diagnose and prevent the onset of cancer at an early stage.

  1. Pay attention to symptoms and get yourself checked regularly.
  2. Using any type of tobacco puts a person at an increased risk of cancer. Avoiding or stopping the consumption of tobacco is one of the foremost steps in cancer prevention.
  3. Filter tap water properly as this can reduce your exposure to possible carcinogens and hormone-disrupting chemicals.
  4. Get vaccinated on time and as per schedule. For example, the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine helps prevent most cervical cancers and several other kinds of cancer.
  5. Drinking plenty of water and other liquids can help in reducing the risk of bladder cancer by diluting the concentration of cancer-causing agents in urine and helping to flush them through the bladder faster.
  6. Most importantly, make lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise. Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants which can help ward off diseases.

Some tips to quit smoking from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Try short-acting nicotine replacement therapies such as nicotine gum, lozenges, nasal sprays, or inhalers. These can help overcome intense cravings.
  2. Identify the trigger situation, which makes you smoke. Have a plan in place to avoid these or get through them alternatively.
  3. Chew on sugarless gum or hard candy, or munch raw carrots, celery, nuts or sunflower seeds instead of tobacco.
  4. Get physically active. Short bursts of physical activity such as running up and down the stairs a few times can make a tobacco craving go away.

Some tips to prevent urinary infections from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Pass urine immediately after a sexual intercourse. Apart from this, keep a check on the kind of underwear you use.
  2. Maintain proper personal hygiene after urinating or defecating. Consult a doctor immediately in case of any recurrent symptoms.
  3. Drinking cranberry juice has been thought to help decrease frequent infections. This is particularly true for women. Cranberries are known to contain substances that can prevent infection-causing bacteria from sticking to the urinary tract walls.
  4. Make sure you are adequately hydrated and drink at least 7 to 8 glasses of water a day.
  5. Choose lubricated condoms that do not contain spermicide. Spermicide can cause irritation and allow the bacteria to grow.

Some health tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Quit smoking: This is one of the main reasons for bone problems among the young and the old alike. The earlier you quit this habit, the better.

Lose extra weight: Excess weight can put pressure on the joints and cause inflammation as well.

Eat healthy: Like any other condition, this preventive tip holds true for RA as well. Eat foods that aid bone health.

Some tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Avoid walking, jogging or exercising outdoors when the air is hazy.
  2. Stay indoors in air-conditioned rooms, use air purifiers if available.
  3. People with already diagnosed respiratory problems should use N95 masks when stepping out.
  4. While travelling in cars, roll up the windows.
  5. Avoid places with high-vehicular density.
  6. People with asthma or COPD must take their medicines regularly, even in summer.

Some tips for ageing well from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Do not think you are old. Age = 100 minus years old or age 40 = age 20 plus 20 years of experience.
  2. Quit smoking This is the first and foremost critical step that you can take in order to improve your health and combat age related health complications. If you were a smoker in your younger years and still are, it is not too late to quit this fatal habit.
  3. Stay active Make it a daily routine to undertake something that keep you fit and active. Let it be something that promotes strength, balance and flexibility and most importantly, something that you enjoy.
  4. Prevent accidental falls Elderly people are especially vulnerable to accidental falls. They can be prevented by making small changes around your house like removing loose rugs and carpets, keeping walking paths free of cords and clutters and using night lights for hallways. Wearing good friction supporting shoes has been observed to significantly prevent falls.
  5. Stay updated with immunizations and screenings Get a preventive screening done before various age-related disease strike. Get regular checkups for dental, vision and hearing health: Your teeth, gums, vision and hearing have the potential to last a lifetime, if cared for properly.
  6. Eat well A well-balanced healthy diet when combined with moderate physical activity can be the key to healthy aging. Calcium and vitamin D supplements can help women.
  7. Stay mentally active Maintain a good amount of mental activity in old age to counter dementia and cognitive impairment that come with aging.
  8. Sleep well Many elderly people face problems with maintaining a healthy sleep cycle. Insomnia and daytime sleepiness in excess are common complaints, talk to your healthcare provider about such issues.

Some diet tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Eat a variety of foods from each food category, like fruits, vegetables, and lean meats. If you think you need vitamin supplements, check with your doctor first.
  2. Keep your weight in the healthy range for your age and height with exercise and a good diet.
  3. Increase fiber in diet with foods like broccoli, peas, apples, cooked split peas and beans, whole-grain breads, cereals and pasta.
  4. Cut down on sugar, salt, and saturated fats from meat and dairy and cholesterol.
  5. Hydrate yourself well by drinking sufficient water throughout the day.