1. Achieve and maintain a healthy weight for your height.
  2. Exercise regularly.
  3. Eat a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  4. Limit sodium intake to under 2,300 milligrams a day (one teaspoon of salt), and get plenty of potassium (at least 4,700 mg per day) from fruits and vegetables.
  5. Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
  6. Reduce stress.
  7. Monitor your blood pressure regularly, and work with your doctor to keep it in a healthy range.