• Malaria is transmitted by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito.
  • Malaria fever presents with chills, especially during afternoon.
  • The malaria mosquito bites mainly between dusk and dawn while the dengue mosquito bites during the day.
  • Malaria can also be transmitted by blood transfusion by sharing of contaminated needles.
  • Bed nets are effective against malaria as major malarial vectors bite during the night.
  • The behavior of mosquitoes may differ. While some may rest indoors and feed indoors in the night, others may prefer to rest and feed outdoors earlier in the day.
  • Preventive therapy of malaria can be given in pregnancy in high risk areas.
  • The malarial mosquito feeds every third day compared to dengue mosquito that feeds three times a day.
  • Spraying of the indoor residential walls and ceiling is effective against mosquitoes.
  • DDT is a widely used indoor residential spraying agent.
  • DDT should not be applied more than once or twice yearly on the walls.
  • Mosquito contact with DDT surface would save from lethal exposure outside the house.
  • Spray may require furniture rearrangement. Walls may become streaked with chemical treatment and residual odor from DDT.
  • Malathion spray is another alternative.