It would be wrong to say eat less fat. The actual message should be eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.

While advocating low-fat diets, it is easier for patients to understand the advice if given in terms of foods, for instance, “Eat more fresh fruit”, rather than nutrients, or “Reduce your intake of fat to less than 30% of your total energy intake.”

The message to reduce fat has been translated by food manufacturers and consumers into potentially harmful food choices.

Instead of replacing high-fat foods with naturally low-fat foods with other benefits, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grain foods, consumers tend to increase their consumption of low-fat or “fat-free” varieties of naturally high-fat foods, such as fat-free snack or junk foods.

This results in an increase in the intake of refined carbohydrates which lowers HDL cholesterol concentrations with a possible increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes and obesity.