1.  Music therapy can ameliorate physical and emotional distress.

2.  It can improve distress caused by pain, decrease muscle tension and promote relaxation, decrease anxiety, improve chemotherapy-related nausea and emesis, and improve overall mood [1,2].

3.  It can help manage postoperative nausea and vomiting [3].

4.  It reduces pain intensity levels and opioid requirements [4,5].

5.  Music has significant effect on anxiety, perception of hospitalization or procedure, relaxation and stress levels in brain tumor patients undergoing surgery [6,7].

6.  Music therapy in treatment areas and hospital rooms may help to improve mood and decrease anxiety in cancer patients.

1.     J Adv Nurs 2006; 54:553.

2.      Music Ther Perspect 1992; 9:91.

3.      West J Nurs Res 1989; 11:298.

4.     J Adv Nurs 1999; 29:1130.

5.      Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006; :CD004843.

6.     Hawaii Med J 2007; 66:292.

7.     J Music Ther 2008; 45:349.