Inflammatory bowel disease is associated with increased risks for stroke, myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease, particularly in women.

A meta–analysis and systematic review has shown that increased odds for cerebrovascular accidents including ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke –– and for ischemic heart disease according to Siddharth Singh, MD, of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and colleagues.

These risks are specifically elevated in women versus men, with women having a 28% increased odds of cerebrovascular events and a 26% increased odds of ischemic heart disease.

The study was presented in a poster presentation at the American College of Gastroenterology meeting in San Diego.