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Dr K K Aggarwal

Keeping blood pressure in the safe zone

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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By keeping your BP below 120/80, you can avoid a number of diseases, such as heart disease, kidney failure and erectile dysfunction. When lifestyle changes fail to provide benefit, doctors can provide medication.

  • Limit sodium intake. DASH diet keeps sodium to 2,300 mg per day (about one teaspoon of salt). Cutting it down to 1,500 is even better. The DASH diet can decrease your systolic blood pressure by 10 points or more.
  • Monitor your blood pressure at home. This can give you an instant idea on the benefits of diet and exercise and yield a more accurate picture of your blood pressure levels. This is important, in the sense that some people experience white coat hypertension, wherein the blood pressure rises higher than normal when measured at the doctor’s office.
  • Limit alcohol intake. Men can take 1 to 2 alcoholic drinks per day, defined as 1.5 ounces (1 shot glass) of 80–proof spirits, a 5–ounce serving of wine, or a 12–ounce serving of beer. Women may take no more than one drink a day.
  • Take more meds if required—but take the right ones.

(Healthbeat)

Tips to prevent type 2 diabetes

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. Exercise more Exercise has various benefits including preventing weight gain, controlling blood sugar levels, and other conditions. A minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity every day is very beneficial.
  2. Eat healthy A diet rich in whole grain, fruits, and vegetables is very good for the body. Fibrous food will ensure that you feel fuller for a longer period and prevent any cravings. Avoid processed and refined food as much as possible.
  3. Limit your alcohol intake and quit smoking Too much alcohol leads to weight gain and can increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should limit drinks to two per day and women to one per day. Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers and therefore, it is a good idea to quit this habit.
  4. Understand your risk factors Doing so can help you in taking preventive measures at the earliest and avoid complications.

Reduce your risk of stroke

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Stroke is preventable. About 90 of strokes are associated with 10 risks factors that are modifiable. 1. Control high blood pressure 2. Do moderate exercise 5 times a week 3. Eat a healthy balanced diet high in fruit vegetables low in sodium 4. Reduce your cholesterol 5. Maintain a healthy BMI or waist to hip ratio 6. Stop smoking and avoid second hand exposure 7. Reduce alcohol intake men 2 day women 1 day 8. Identify and treat atrial fibrillation 9. Reduce your risk from diabetes talk to your doctor 10. Get educated about stroke

3 simple ways for a restful sleep

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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1. Cut down on caffeine: Caffeine drinkers may find it harder to fall asleep. Even a single cup of coffee in the morning may lead to a sleepless night. Caffeine blocks the effects of adenosine, a neurotransmitter thought to promote sleep. Caffeine can also interrupt sleep by increasing the need to urinate during the night. Because caffeine withdrawal can cause headaches, irritability, and extreme fatigue, it may be easier to cut back gradually rather than to go cold turkey. Those who can’t or don’t want to give up caffeine should avoid it after 2 p.m., or noon if they are especially caffeine–sensitive. 2. Stop smoking or chewing tobacco: Nicotine is a central nervous system stimulant that can cause insomnia. If you continue to use tobacco, avoid smoking or chewing it for at least one to two hours before bedtime. 3. Limit alcohol intake: Alcohol depresses the nervous system, so a nightcap may seem to help some people fall asleep. Alcohol suppresses REM sleep, and the soporific effects disappear after a few hours. Alcohol also worsens snoring and other sleep breathing problems.