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Dr K K Aggarwal

Direct all your energy towards the soul and not the ego

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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The epic Mahabharata can also be understood as a science of inner Mahabharata that occurs in everybody’s mind.

Lord Krishna symbolizes the consciousness and the five Pandavas, the five positive qualities of a person namely, righteousness (Yudhishthir), focus (Arjuna), power to fight injustice (Bheem), helping others (Sahdev) and learning to be neutral in difficult situations (Nakul). Panchali indicates the five senses, which can only be controlled when these five forces are together.

Dhritarashtra symbolizes ignorance, Duhshasan – a negative ruling quality (dusht while ruling) and Duryodhana (dusht in yudh) symbolizes one who is not balanced in war.Conscious-based decisions need to be taken to kill the negativity in the mind. Every action, if directed towards the consciousness or the soul, is the right action. To kill all the 100 Kauravas (the 100 negative tendencies a person can have) controlled by Duryodhan and Duhshasan along with Shakuni (the negative power of cunningness), positive qualities have to be redirected towards consciousness and then take right decisions.

The five Pandavas (positive qualities) made soul (Lord Krishna) as their point of reference (Sarthi) and won over the evils (Kauravas).

Bhishma Pitamah, Karna and Dronacharya, individually all had winning powers; but, they all supported negative thoughts and made Duryodhana as their point of reference and ultimately had to die.

The message is very clear, if one directs his or her positive powers towards ego as the reference point in long run, they will be of no use and, in fact, will be responsible for one’s destruction.

Ravana too was a great scholar but he directed all his energies and powers towards his ego and ended up in misery.

Therefore, one should cultivate a positive mental attitude, positive thoughts instead of directing them towards desire, attachment or ego and should direct them to soul/consciousness for a positive outcome.

Rome was not built in a day

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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With ‘Abhyas’ or constant practice, one can conquer all the obstacles in life. The sutra “Rome was not built in a day” has a deep spiritual meaning. In the path for self–realization, regular practice is the principle behind all paths: Bhakti, Karma or the Gnana marg. Persistence is the key in any spiritual attainment.

Regular hard work can also change one’s past bad karmic actions. All karmas irrespective of their nature should be converted into good karmas. This can be better understood by the following example. While painting a red colored wall with green paint with the intention to make it green, it first gets converted into yellow color. But repeated painting with green will ultimately make it green.

The red color here can be compared to bad past karmas and green color to good present karmas. By doing positive activities time and again, one can dissolve the impressions of the bad actions done in the past. To start with, there may be a reaction from the others (which is equivalent to the yellow color in the above example) but if the person does not lose his confidence at that moment and continues with his good present karmas, he will ultimately end up in changing his bad past converting it into a good present and a better future. This requires continuous and repeated practice.

Self–realization and meditation are difficult processes. They involve attaining a thoughtless state, in other words, a state of experiencing the silence. All the paths for self realization are difficult, but with regular practice, one can achieve it without any problem. The path of Bhakti is often considered the path of choice for the majority of people as it is the easiest path to follow. The path of Bhakti involves a triad of “duty, devotion and discipline”. But any duty, devotion or discipline done only for a short time will not end in success, unless it is practiced over a longer period of time.

A classical example can be seen in Islam. Ramadan is a classical example of hard work leading to an atmosphere of brotherhood, love, compassion and truthfulness with significant reduction in negativity amongst the community. For one month, all the Muslims participate in a self-training program to reduce negativity and build positivity in their lives. During this month they are prohibited from indulging in sexual activities, entering into marriage ceremonies, and are encouraged to make endeavors towards self realization. The classical discipline to be maintained is fasting. Fasting here does not mean only fasting food or water alone. It also means controlling negative thinking, negative speech, and indulging in any negative action.

The Bhagavad Gita has described the five gateways to hell as attachment, desire, anger, greed and ego. Controlling them requires practice. A month of observance of controlling one’s five senses and not indulging in the five gateways of hell trains one enough to make these parameters a part of one’s life. The positive attitude practiced over one month tends to stitch it in one’s consciousness, and ultimately in a majority, becomes a part of one’s life.

There is a similar practice in Hindu religion during “Navratras”, but unfortunately, not all people observe this as dedicatedly as the Muslims.

Apart from the internal journey to self–realization, hard work plays a role even in day–to–day outer journeys be it married life, family life, social life or office life.

Hard work is the key to success, provided one controls the above five gateways to hell and practices the triad of non–expectation, detachment and being non–judgmental. Attaching oneself with actions but detaching from the results is the key to both internal as well as external success.

On 5th Navratri Learn Detached Attachment and to Control One’s Ego

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Skanda Mata is worshipped on the fifth Day of Navratri. SHE is holding her son ‘Skandaa or Kartikaya’ on her lap.

SHE has three eyes and four hands. Two hands hold lotuses while the other two hands respectively display defending and granting gestures.

She is the ocean of knowledge. She rides on a lion.

In Yoga Shastra, she represents the Vishuddha chakra and HAM bija mantra. She also dignifies motherhood, fertility and mother child relationship.

Skandaa means the one with six heads corresponding to the five senses and the mind or the one who has a control over the six demonic vices: kaama (sex), krodha (anger), lobha (greed), moha (passion), mada (ego) and matsarya (jealousy).

Kartikeya carries a spear in one hand and his other hand is always blessing devotees. His vehicle is a peacock, a pious bird that grips with its feet a serpent, which symbolizes the ego and desires of people. The peacock represents the destroyer of harmful habits and the conqueror of sensual desires.

Spiritual mantra on the 5th Navratri One should learn detached attachment as the main principle of spirituality.

“Bakra Id” is celebrated by Muslim Community as a festival which teaches us all about detached attachment.

Attachment is the biggest obstacle to self-realization and inner happiness.  If one is attached to the external world, one lives in the miseries of the past and the future.

Undue attachment creates desires, which if fulfilled leads to greed and if unfulfilled leads to anger. Anger leads to destruction of the intellect and resultant destruction of the body.  This is well explained in Bhagvad Gita (2.62).

According to the Vedic philosophy, one should be attached to the actions but detached to its results. The gist of the “law of karma” is “detached attachment”, which is also the gist of acquiring inner happiness through karma yoga.

Detaching yourself from the worldly pleasures is the most difficult thing to practice as it requires devotion and a disciplined life.

One can learn a simple exercise which should be done everyday or at-least once in a week to practice this form of Yoga. The simplest detachment exercise involves doing something for others which you otherwise want to do for yourself e.g. if you like to eat ice cream, the exercise involves inviting and buying your colleague an ice cream, simultaneously making sure that you do not eat the same.

Pratyahara, or detachment is also an integral part of Yoga Sutras of Patanjali which talks about eight limbs of yoga for acquiring inner happiness.

In Islam, observance of Bakra Id is an example of an advanced detachment exercise. The festival is a social celebration of happiness, full of sharing and giving and involves a sacrifice of a goat (bakra). In the sacrifice the person is not supposed to buy a goat from the market for sacrifice. The family members on the contrary are suppose to buy goat a couple of months in advance and nurture him or her with love to build affection for the goat. On the day of Bakra Id, the same goat is sacrificed and the meat distributed to friends and relatives.

This sacrifice is an extreme example of detached attachment or losing something for which you have already got an attachment. The other way of celebrating the same festival is to donate something which you like most on that particular day. It can be a house, a car, a material thing or a book. Detaching oneself with the undue attachment lead to a path of self-realization.

For those, who do not believe in Islam, can learn the basic message from them of doing a simple detachment exercise everyday or once a week.