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Dr K K Aggarwal

10 surprising benefits of walking

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. It helps maintain a healthy weight.
  2. Regular walking is linked with longevity.
  3. It strengthens bones and muscles.
  4. It relieves joint pain.
  5. It boosts your mood.
  6. It can reduce the risk of breast cancer.
  7. Walking can help you sleep better.
  8. It can reduce your risk of diabetes.
  9. It helps your heart.
  10. It protects your brain.

Some tips to keep obesity under check

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  • Men tend to have a higher likelihood of dying than women, and smoking heightens any adult’s risk of death just as if five years were suddenly added to their age.
  • Among men who have never smoked, heart disease seems to be greatest risk for death at any age, exceeding the likelihood of dying from lung, colon and prostate cancer combined.
  • Male smokers have a lung cancer risk greater than that of heart disease taking their lives after age 60, and seems to be 10 times higher than the odds of dying from prostate and colon cancer combined.
  • The odds of dying from heart disease and breast cancer appear to be similar for nonsmoking women until age 60, when heart disease becomes a greater risk.
  • For female smokers, death is more likely to occur from lung cancer or heart disease than from breast cancer after age 40.

Smoking makes you 5 years older

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  • Men have a greater chance of dying than women, and smoking increases any adult’s risk of death just as if five years were suddenly added to their age.
  • For men who have never smoked, heart disease presents their greatest risk for death at any age, exceeding the odds of dying from lung, colon and prostate cancer combined.
  • Male smokers face a lung cancer risk that is greater than the odds of heart disease taking their lives after age 60, and is tenfold higher than the chance of dying from prostate and colon cancer combined.
  • The chances of dying from heart disease and breast cancer are similar for nonsmoking women until age 60, when heart disease becomes a greater risk.
  • For female smokers, dying from lung cancer or heart disease is more likely than dying from breast cancer after age 40.

Alcohol: Benefits Vs Risk

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. There is consensus that nondrinkers should not start and the ones who drink can continue provided they do so in moderation and in absence of contraindications.
  2. Persons who have been lifelong abstainers cannot be easily compared with moderate or even rare drinkers. Recommending alcohol intake to them even if they would agree to drink is not justified.
  3. The diseases that moderate alcohol use prevents (such as coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke, and diabetes) are most prevalent in the elderly, men, and people with coronary heart disease risk factors. For these groups, moderate alcohol use is associated with a substantial mortality benefit relative to abstention or rare drinking.
  4. For young to middle–aged adults, especially women, moderate alcohol use increases the risk of the most common causes of death (such as trauma and breast cancer).
  5. Women who drink alcohol should take supplemental folate to help decrease the risk of breast cancer.
  6. Men under the age of 45 may also experience more harm than benefit from alcohol consumption. In this age group, moderate alcohol use is unlikely to provide any mortality benefit, but consumption of less than one drink daily appears to be safe if temporally removed from operation of dangerous equipment. For individuals with established contraindications to alcohol use, even this level of alcohol use is dangerous.
  7. Men can tolerate more alcohol than women. The ideal therapeutic dose of alcohol is around 6 g per day. Medically safe limits are 10 g in one hour, 20 g in a day and 70 g in a week. (50% for the women).

Apples during pregnancy and Asthma

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Quoting a study published in the Journal Thorax, Padma Shri & Dr. B C Roy National Awardee, Dr. KK Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India & National Vice President Elect IMA , said that women who eat apples while pregnant may protect their child from developing asthma.

The study showed that children of moms who munched on more than 4 apples per week were 37 percent less likely to have a history of wheezing and 53 percent less likely to have doctor-confirmed asthma, compared to moms who ate one or no apples per week while pregnant. The effect may be due to apple’s phytochemical content, such as flavonoids, which have been shown to have beneficial effects on adult lung function.

The study also found that eating fish during pregnancy may curb the risk of eczema in offspring. Children of mothers who ate fish once per week or more while pregnant had a 43 percent lower risk of eczema compared to children whose mothers avoided fish altogether.

High Fat Diet and Breast Cancer

Quoting another study from the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda,Maryland, Dr. Aggarwal said that in middle-aged women, eating a high-fat diet raises the risk of developing invasive breast cancer. There was 32% increased risk of breast cancer among women with a high level of fats in their diet. The risk was seen for all types of fat (saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated) and seemed to be confined to women who were not using hormone replacement therapy. The higher the fat intake, the higher was the risk for breast cancer.

Eat More Fruits

People who eat a diet high in fruit and low in meat reduce their risk of developing colon cancer said Dr. Aggarwal. A team from University of North Carolina in Chapel Hillob served three groups – people who ate a lot of fruit but little meat, people who ate a lot of vegetables and a moderate amount of meat, and people who simply ate a lot of meat. The people who recalled eating large or moderate amounts of meat were 70 percent more likely to have had a polyp than those who said they ate a lot of fruit but little meat.  Just 18 percent of the people who said they ate a lot of fruit but little meat had a polyp, compared to 30 percent of the moderate meat-eaters and 32 percent of people in the high meat-eating group.

Visual Or Guided Imagery

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Visual or guided imagery is a technique that encourages people to relax by focusing on calming thoughts or experiences.

Method

Sit or lie in a comfortable position while imagining a pleasant experience, such as relaxing on the Goa beach.

A study has shown that women receiving chemotherapy for newly diagnosed breast cancer have a better quality of life if they use relaxation training and guided imagery.[ Br J Cancer 1999; 80:262..)