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Dr K K Aggarwal

Some diet tips from HCFI

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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There are four major food groups that should form a part of a child’s diet plan. These include:

  1. Bread, rice, potatoes, and other starchy foods. This forms the largest portion of the diet and provides calories for energy and carbohydrates that are converted to sugars which provide energy.
  2. Milk and dairy foods: These are vital sources of fats and simple sugars like lactose as well as minerals like calcium
  3. Fruit and vegetables: These are vital sources of vitamins and minerals as well as fiber and roughage for better digestive health
  4. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein: These form the building blocks of the body and help in numerous body and enzyme functions.

Tips from HCFI for bone health

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  1. It is important to get enough Vitamin D as it helps in the absorption of calcium.
  2. Some sources of this vitamin include milk, fortified orange juice, mushrooms, and egg yolk.
  3. Get enough physical activity for about 30 minutes each day. There are exercises that can help increase bone strength and improve balance and coordination.
  4. Limit the intake of caffeine as this can decrease the absorption of calcium
  5. If you smoke or drink, it is a good idea to quit both these habits.

Vitamin D Facts

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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• Calcium has an indispensable assistant in building bones: vitamin D. • Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. • Increasing vitamin D can help prevent osteoporosis. • A small amount of sun exposure can help the body manufacture its own vitamin D. • Five to 30 minutes of sunlight between 10 am and 3 pm twice a week to your face, arms, legs, or back without sunscreen will enable you to make enough of the vitamin • People with fair skin that burns easily should protect themselves from skin cancer by limiting sun exposure to 10 minutes or less. • Food and sun exposure should suffice, but if not, get 2,000 IU of vitamin D daily from a supplement.

All About Calcium Carbide

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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  • Under PFA Section 44AA, the use of calcium carbide for artificial ripening of mangoes, apple, plum, banana is prohibited and can attract both imprisonment and fine.
  • Calcium carbide powder is usually kept wrapped in paper between the fruits (unripe mangoes) in a basket or box.
  • Once the basket of mango is closed from the top, calcium carbide absorbs moisture and produces acetylene gas, which accelerates the ripening process of fruits.
  • The health hazards are related to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, heart, liver and brain and in long run cancer.
  • Calcium carbide 1kg is available for Rs. 25/– and is sufficient to ripe 10 tons of fruit.
  • How do we know that the fruit has been artificially ripened with calcium carbide?
    • It will be less tasty.
    • The aroma will be different
    • It is uniform in color.
    • The color of the mango changes from green to dark yellow.
    • It will have a less shelf life.
    • It will be overtly soft.
    • There may be black patches on the mango skin.
    • There may be multi color patches on the skin of the mango (Red, yellow, green patches)
  • How should artificially ripened fruits be handled?
    • Never eat off–season fruits, especially before time
    • Rinse all fruits in running tap water for few minutes before use.

Vitamin D Facts

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1. In building bone, calcium has an indispensable assistant: vitamin D.

2. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium.

3. Increasing vitamin D can help prevent osteoporosis.

4. A small amount of sun exposure can help the body manufacture its own vitamin D

5. Five to 30 minutes of sunlight between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. twice a week to your face, arms, legs, or back without sunscreen will enable you to make enough of the vitamin.

6. People with fair skin that burns easily should protect themselves from skin cancer by limiting sun exposure to 10 minutes or less.

7. Food and sun exposure should suffice, but if not, get 2,000 IU of vitamin D daily from a supplement.