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Dr K K Aggarwal

Common Cold

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Common Cold

  • It is a benign self-limiting syndrome caused by several viruses.
  • It is one of the most frequent acute illnesses.
  • The term ‘common cold’ refers to a mild upper respiratory viral illness presenting with sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, low grade fever, headache and malaise.
  • Common cold is not the same as influenza or common sore throat, which can also involve the heart.
  • Common cold affects a pre-school child 5-7 times in a year and an adult 2-3 times in a year.
  • It can spread by hand contact, by direct contact with the infected person or by indirect contact with a contaminated environmental surface.
  • It can also spread by small particle droplets that become airborne from sneezing or coughing.
  • It can also be transmitted via large particle droplets that typically require close contact with infected person.
  • Most important is hand to hand transmission of the virus.
  • Infection can also spread through circulating air in commercial airline passenger cabins.
  • Saliva does not spread any cold.
  • The disease is most infectious on the 2nd and 3rd day of illness.
  • However, a person may be infectious for up to two weeks.
  • Normal cold may last for 8-10 days.
  • The diagnosis is based on clinical findings.
  • Common cold can exacerbate asthma in susceptible individuals.

Common Cold

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Common Cold

  1. Common cold is a benign self–limiting syndrome caused by several viruses.
  2. It is one of the most frequent acute illnesses.
  3. The term ‘common cold’ refers to a mild upper respiratory viral illness presenting with sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, low grade fever, headache and malaise.
  4. Common cold is not the same as influenza or common sore throat, which can also involve the heart.
  5. Common cold affects a pre–school child 5–7 times in a year and adult 2–3 times in a year.
  6. It can spread by direct contact with the infected person or by indirect contact with a contaminated environmental surface.
  7. It can also spread by small particle droplets that become airborne from sneezing or coughing.
  8. It can also be transmitted via large particle droplets that typically require close contact with infected person.
  9. Most important is hand to hand transmission of the virus.
  10. Infection can also spread through circulating air in commercial airline passenger cabins.
  11. Saliva does not spread any cold.
  12. The disease is most infectious on the 2nd and 3rd day of illness.
  13. However, a person may be infectious for up to two weeks.
  14. Normal cold may last for 8–10 days.
  15. The diagnosis is based on clinical findings.
  16. Common cold can exacerbate asthma in susceptible individuals.

Common Cold

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Common Cold

• Common cold is a benign self–limiting syndrome caused by several viruses.

• It is one of the most frequent acute illnesses.

• The term ‘common cold’ refers to a mild upper respiratory viral illness presenting with sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, low grade fever, headache and malaise.

• Common cold is not the same as influenza or common sore throat, which can also involve the heart.

• Common cold affects a pre–school child 5–7 times in a year and adults 2–3 times in a year.

• It can spread by hand contact, by direct contact with the infected person or by indirect contact with a contaminated environmental surface.

• It can also spread by small particle droplets that become airborne from sneezing or coughing.

• It can also be transmitted via large particle droplets that typically require close contact with infected person.

• Most important is hand to hand transmission of the virus.

• Infection can also spread through circulating air.

• Saliva does not spread any cold.

• The disease is most infectious on the 2nd and 3rd day of illness.

• However, a person may be infectious for up to 2 weeks.

• Normal cold may last for 8–10 days.

• The diagnosis is based on clinical findings.

• Common cold can exacerbate asthma in susceptible individuals.

Probiotics For Prevention Of The Common Cold

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A meta-analysis of 10 randomized trials compared probiotics (strains of lactobacilli, bifidobacterium, and propionibacterium) with placebo for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections showed that probiotics decreased the rate of acute respiratory infections but they had no significant effect on the duration of symptoms.

Higher-quality trials that include older adults are needed before it can be determined whether probiotics have a role in the prevention of respiratory tract infections in adults. [Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011; :CD006895.]