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Dr K K Aggarwal

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Health Care - Ask Dr KK | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

  • When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste which can be droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplets less than 5 micron; both have a different implications.
  • Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period. A distance of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this distance can be up to 6 feet. The sources of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella etc.
  • No precaution needs to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even 3–6 feet distance the non-coughing person should wear simple mask.
  • In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei carrying respiratory secretion smaller than 5 micron remain suspended in the air for an extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The examples of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.
  • These patients should be placed in an isolation room; all healthcare personnel looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.
  • Usually, in houses with their windows open, there is a constant exchange of air which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.
  • When sitting in an air-conditioned atmosphere, the AC setting should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.
  • In an office with split AC, if one of many employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei, disease can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in areas with split AC.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Health Care - Ask Dr KK | Tagged With: , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

  • When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste which can be droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplets less than 5 micron; both have a different implications.
  • Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period. A distance of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this distance can be up to 6 feet. The sources of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella etc.
  • No precaution needs to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even 3–6 feet distance the non-coughing person should wear simple mask.
  • In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei carrying respiratory secretion smaller than 5 micron remain suspended in the air for an extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The examples of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.
  • These patients should be placed in an isolation room; all healthcare personnel looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.
  • Usually, in houses with their windows open, there is a constant exchange of air which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.
  • When sitting in an air-conditioned atmosphere, the AC setting should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.
  • In an office with split AC, if one of many employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei, disease can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in areas with split AC.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

  • When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste, which can be droplets (larger than 5 microns) or airborne droplet less than 5 microns; both have different implications.
  • Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period and exposure of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet–borne respiratory organisms. In flu this can be up to 6 feet. The examples of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella (German measles) etc.
  • No precautions need to be taken by a person, who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even at a distance of 3–6 feet, the non–coughing person should wear a simple mask.
  • In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei, which carry respiratory secretions smaller than 5 microns can remain suspended in the air for extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The example of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.
  • Patients with these diseases require to be placed in an isolation room and all those people who are looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.
  • In normal house with open windows, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in rooms with air conditioners (ACs) with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.
  • When sitting in an air conditioned atmosphere, the setting of the AC should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.
  • In an office with split AC, if one of the employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei disease, he/she can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in offices with split ACs.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

  • When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste which can be droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplets less than 5 micron; both have a different implications.
  • Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period. A distance of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this distance can be up to 6 feet. The sources of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella etc.
  • No precaution needs to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even 3–6 feet distance the non-coughing person should wear simple mask.
  • In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei carrying respiratory secretion smaller than 5 micron remain suspended in the air for an extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The examples of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.
  • These patients should be placed in an isolation room; all healthcare personnel looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.
  • Usually, in houses with their windows open, there is a constant exchange of air which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.
  • When sitting in an air-conditioned atmosphere, the AC setting should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.
  • In an office with split AC, if one of many employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei, disease can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in areas with split AC.

Flu in children

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Flu in children

The classical features of uncomplicated flu in children include abrupt onset of fever headache muscle pain and malaise affected by manifestation of respiratory tract illness sore throat cough and nasal discharge But all these features may not be present in all children Flu sometimes may last for more than a week in children Ear discharge progression to asthma and pneumonia are common complications in children Complicated pneumonia may be severe and rapidly fatal especially if the bacterium is Staph During winter a diagnosis of flu should be considered in all children with fever children with fever and acute onset of respiratory illness children with fever and exhilaration of underlying chest condition children with pneumonia and children with fever of more than 100 with severe cough or sore throat Fever is present in over 95 of cases often more than 39 C Cough is present in over 77 patients Nasal discharge is present in more than 78 patients Headache is present in more than 26 patients Muscle pain is present in more than 71 patients Incubation period is 1 4 days with high transmissibility The treatment is often symptomatic Cough hygiene should be practiced.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

• When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste, which can be droplets (larger than 5 microns) or airborne droplets less than 5 microns; both have different implications.

• Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period and exposure of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet–borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this can be up to 6 feet. The examples of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella (German measles) etc.

• No precautions need to be taken by a person, who is at a distance of 6–10 feet away from the patient. But, if a person is sitting or working even at a distance of 3–6 feet, the non–coughing person should wear simple mask.

• In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei, which carry respiratory secretions smaller than 5 microns can remain suspended in the air for extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The example of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).

• Patients with these diseases need to be placed in an isolation room. And, all those people who are looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.

• In normal house with open windows, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in rooms with air conditioners (ACs) with no air exchange, infections can spread from one person to another.

• When sitting in an air conditioned atmosphere, the setting of the AC should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.

• In an office with split AC, if one employee is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei disease, he/she can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in offices with split ACs.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

• When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste in the form of droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplets less than 5 micron; both have a different clinical implications. • Droplets remain suspended in the air for only a limited period. A distance of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this distance can be up to 6 feet. The sources of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella etc. • No precaution needs to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even 3–6 feet distance the non-coughing person should wear simple mask. • In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei carrying respiratory secretion smaller than 5 micron remain suspended in the air for an extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. Examples of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS. • These patients should be placed in an isolation room; all healthcare personnel looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask. • Usually, in houses with their windows open, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another. • When sitting in an air-conditioned atmosphere, the AC setting should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.

In an office with split AC, if any employee is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei, disease can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in areas with split AC.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

• When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste which can be droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplets less than 5 micron; both have a different implications.

• Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period. A distance of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this distance can be up to 6 feet. The sources of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella etc.

• No precaution needs to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even 3–6 feet distance the non-coughing person should wear simple mask.

• In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei carrying respiratory secretion smaller than 5 micron remain suspended in the air for an extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The examples of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.

• These patients should be placed in an isolation room; all healthcare personnel looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.

• Usually, in houses with their windows open, there is a constant exchange of air which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.

• When sitting in an air-conditioned atmosphere, the AC setting should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.

• In an office with split AC, if one of many employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei, disease can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in areas with split AC.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

1. When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste, which can be droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplet less than 5 micron, both have a different implications. 2. Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period and exposure of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this can be up to 6 feet. The examples of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella (German measles) etc.

3. No precautions need to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even at a distance of 3–6 feet from the patient, he/she should wear a simple mask.

4. In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei that carry respiratory secretions smaller than 5 micron can remain suspended in the air for extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The example of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS (Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome).

5. Patients with these disease require to be placed in an isolation room and all those people who are looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.

6. In normal house with windows open, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.

7. When sitting in an air conditioned atmosphere, the setting of the AC should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs. 8. In an office with split AC, if one of the many employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei disease, the infection can be transmitted to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in split AC atmosphere.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste, which can be droplets (larger than 5 microns) or airborne droplet less than 5 microns; both have different implications. • Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period and exposure of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet–borne respiratory organisms. In flu this can be upto 6 feet. The examples of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella (German measles) etc.

• No precautions need to be taken by a person, who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even at a distance of 3–6 feet, the non–coughing person should wear simple mask.

• In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei, which carry respiratory secretions smaller than 5 microns can remain suspended in the air for extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The example of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.

• Patients with these diseases require to be placed in an isolation room and all those people who are looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.

• In normal house with open windows, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in rooms with air conditioners (ACs) with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.

• When sitting in an air conditioned atmosphere, the setting of the AC should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.

• In an office with split AC, if one of the employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei disease, he/she can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in offices with split ACs.

Flu in children

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Flu in children

  • The classical features of uncomplicated flu in children include abrupt onset of fever, headache, muscle pain and malaise affected by manifestations of respiratory tract illness – sore throat, cough and nasal discharge.
  • All the above features may not be present in children.
  • Flu sometimes may last for more than a week in children.
  • Ear discharge, development into asthma and pneumonia are common complications in children.
  • Complicated pneumonia may be severe and rapidly fatal, especially if the bacterium is Staph.
  • During winter, a diagnosis of flu should be considered in all children with fever; children with fever and acute onset of respiratory illness; children with fever and exhilaration of underlying chest condition; children with pneumonia and children with fever of more than 100, with severe cough or sore throat.
  • Fever is present in over 95% of cases, often more than 39°C.
  • Cough is present in over 77% patients.
  • Nasal discharge is present in more than 78% patients.
  • Headache is present in more than 26% patients.
  • Muscle pain is present in more than 71 % patients.
  • Incubation period is 1–4 days with high transmissibility.
  • The treatment is often symptomatic.
  • Cough hygiene should be practiced.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

• When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste, which can be droplets (larger than 5 micron) or airborne droplet less than 5 micron; both have different clinical implications.

• Droplets remain suspended in the air for a limited period only and exposure of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet-borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this can be up to 6 feet. The examples of droplet infections are meningitis, influenza, rubella (German measles) etc.

• No precaution needs to be taken by a person who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even 3–6 feet distance, the non-coughing person should wear a simple mask.

• Airborne droplet nuclei that carry respiratory secretion smaller than 5 micron can remain suspended in the air for extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The example of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.

• Patients with these disease require to be placed in an isolation room and all healthcare personnel who are looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.

• In normal house with windows opened, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in AC setups with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.

• When sitting in an air conditioned atmosphere, the setting of the AC should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.

• In an office with split AC, if one employee is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei, disease can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TV, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in split AC atmosphere.

Cough Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Cough Hygiene

  • When you cough or sneeze, you tend to expel out respiratory waste, which can be droplets (larger than 5 microns) or airborne droplet less than 5 microns; both have different implications.
  • Droplets remain suspended in the air only for a limited period and exposure of less than 3 feet is usually required for human to human transmission of droplet–borne respiratory organisms. In flu, this distance can be up to 6 feet. The examples of droplet infections are patients with meningitis, influenza, rubella (German measles) etc.
  • No precautions need to be taken by a person, who is 6–10 feet away from the patient but if a person is sitting or working even at a distance of 3–6 feet, the non–coughing person should wear simple mask.
  • In contrast, airborne droplet nuclei, which carry respiratory secretions smaller than 5 microns can remain suspended in the air for extended period and can cause infections to people who are standing even more than 10 feet away. The example of airborne droplet nuclei infections are TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS.
  • Patients with these diseases require to be placed in an isolation room and all those people who are looking after these patients must use a safe N95 mask.
  • In normal house with open windows, there is a constant exchange of air, which prevents spread of infections but in rooms with air conditioners (ACs) with no air exchange, the infections can spread from one person to another.
  • When sitting in an air conditioned atmosphere, the setting of the AC should be such that the same air is not circulated and fresh air is allowed to exchange. Split ACs, therefore, are more dangerous than the window ACs.
  • In an office with split AC installed, if one of the employees is suffering from any of the droplet nuclei disease, he/she can transmit infection to others. Therefore, patients with confirmed TB, measles, chickenpox and SARS should not be allowed to work in offices with split ACs.