The epic Mahabharata can also be understood as a science of inner Mahabharata happening in everybody’s mind.

Lord Krishna here symbolizes consciousness and the five Pandavas, the five positive qualities of a person and they are – righteousness (Yudhishthir), being in focus (Arjuna), power to fight injustice (Bheem), helping others (Sahdev) and learning to be neutral in difficult situations (Nakul). Panchali indicates the 5 senses, which can only be controlled when these five forces are together.

Dhritrashtra symbolizes ignorance, Duhshasan negative ruling quality (dusht while ruling) and Duryodhana (dusht in yudh) as one who is not balanced in war.

To kill the negativity in the mind, one has to take conscious-based decisions. Every action, if directed towards the consciousness or the soul, is the right action. To kill the 100 Kauravas (the 100 negative tendencies a person can have) controlled by Duryodhan and Duhshasan along with Shakuni (the negative power of cunningness), one has to redirect one’s positive qualities towards the consciousness and take right decisions.

The five Pandavas (positive qualities) made soul (Lord Krishna) as their point of reference (Sarthi) and won over the evils (Kauravas).

Bhishma Pitamah, Karana and Dronacharya, all had winning powers individually but they all gave support to the negative thoughts and made Duryodhana as their point of reference and ultimately had to die.

The message is very clear – if one directs his or her positive powers towards ego as the reference point in long run, they will be of no use and, in fact, will be responsible for one’s destruction.

In Ramayana, Ravana was a great scholar but he directed all his energies and powers towards his ego and ended up in misery.

One should cultivate, therefore, positive mental attitude, positive thoughts instead of directing them towards desire, attachment or ego and should direct them to soul/consciousness for a positive outcome.