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Dr K K Aggarwal

Negative thoughts are absence of positive thoughts

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Darkness cannot be removed physically; it can only be removed by switching on the light or going into sunlight or lighting a fire. Similarly, negative thoughts are absence of positive thoughts.

In Bhagavad Gita, it has been said that in the period of Uttarayana with longer days, the first half at full moon, in the presence of light or agni, more positive thoughts are acquired compared to in Dakshinayana, before Amavasya or no moon or in absence of light.

Bhagavad Gita also says that whatever you think the whole life, you think at the time of death and if the time at the time of death you have positive thoughts, you are likely to get Moksha. That may be the reason why in Hindu mythology it is said that just before the death, we should light a diya or chant in front of agni (fire) so that dying person’s thoughts become positive.

In computer language, it is explained that when you open a file repeatedly, it becomes a priority file and appears in the search engine on priority as compared to other files.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this write up are entirely my own.

Negative thoughts are absence of positive thoughts

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Negative thoughts are absence of positive thoughts

Darkness cannot be removed physically; it can only be removed by switching on the light or going from the dark into the sunlight or lighting a fire. Similarly, negative thoughts are absence of positive thoughts. In Bhagavad Gita also it has been said that during Uttarayana with longer days, the first half at full moon, in the presence of light or agni, one acquires more positive thoughts as compared to Dakshinayana, before Amavasya or no moon or in absence of light. Bhagavad Gita also says that whatever you think the whole life, you think at the time of death and at the time of death you have positive thoughts, you are likely to get Moksha. This may be the reason why in Hindu mythology it is said that just before the death, we should light a diya or chant in front of agni (fire) so that the dying person’s thoughts become positive. In computer language, it is explained that when you open a file repeatedly, it becomes a priority file and comes in search engine on priority as compared to other files.

Dakshinayana is the start of negative state of mind

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Uttarayana and Dakshinayana are not only time periods mentioned in the Vedic literature but also the state of minds. Uttarayana means a period for a positive state of mind and Dakshinayana, a period of a relatively negative state of mind. A positive state of mind in Uttarayana makes meditation easier and more fruitful during this period. Beginners should learn the process of meditation and pranayama during this period.

Bhagwad Gita talks about Moksha and liberation. Those who believe in the philosophy of rebirth know that once a soul is liberated at death, a person is not reborn. For others who believe that hell and heaven are in this birth only, liberation means dying peacefully and without any suffering.

The theory of rebirth is well described in Bhagwad Gita in Chapter 8. The gist of Lord Krishna’s teaching is:

  1. Whatever you think throughout your life will be your thought at the time of death.
  2. Whatever is the state of mind at the time of death will be the atmosphere you will get in the rebirth. For example, if your state of mind is in cruelty at the time of death, you will be born in a cruel family.
  3. If you are relaxed, thinking of God or chanting AUM at the time of death, there are chances your soul will be liberated.
  4. Fire, illumination, daytime, fortnight before full moon and Uttarayana are the paths for liberation. It means these are the periods/ways for spontaneous positive thinking.

From mental health point of view, this knowledge can be converted into medical prescription. Uttarayana means satwik healthy state of mind and dakshinayana means a depressed state of mind. Performing and attending to Yagna, sitting in well–illuminated light or exposing oneself to sunlight during the day can be an adjunct to depression treatment. During the first fortnight of full moon and during Uttarayana, psychotherapy and counseling invariably will work better and the requirement of drugs may get reduced.

Uttarayana is also the period for ‘Snana’ (bath), ‘Daan’ (charity), ‘Dhyana’ (concentration), ‘Upwas’ (detoxification) and ‘Sun worship’ (Sunbath).

Snana means cleansing of the body, mind and the soul and combined with fast or ‘upwas’ and sun bath is the procedure for detoxification. Once the body is detoxified, it’s in a positive state of mind, can concentrate better and gets detached to material things. One should also start donating in charity whatever one has in excess.

Uttarayana can also be described in chakra language. From mooladhara chakra to anahata chakra is the Dakshinayana path; the Uttarayana path is from anahata chakra to ajna chakra. Those who travel on the Uttarayana path travel from anahata chakra. Those who travel on the Dakshinayana path start from mooladhara.

The Chatur Mas (Four holy months) in Hinduism falls during the period of Dakshinayana. Chaturmas begins on July 11 and ends on November 6. It begins on the Ekadashi day in Shukla Paksha in the month of Ashada and ends on the Ekadashi in the Shukla Paksha in the month of Kartik. It occurs during monsoon season and most important festivals take place during this period. It’s a four–month period for observing fast, rituals, pujas and festivals.

Chaturmas has following months:

  • 1st month ‘Shravan’ is dedicated to Lord Shiva, especially the Mondays. It is a month of Vata or air imbalance. The classical song “Savan ka mahina Pawan kare shor” explains the air imbalance in this month. The vata function in the mind is related to emotional imbalance.
  • 2nd ‘Bhadrapad’ is the month of festivals including Ganesh Chaturthi and Janmashtami. The month is again related to Vata or air imbalance. The classical Bollywood song “tere naina savan bhado phir bhi mera man payasa” illustrates the state of the mind in savan and bhado months. The state of the mind is negative with chances of more non fulfillment of desires.
  • 3rd month ‘Ashwin’ includes the festivals of Durga Puja, Navratri, Diwali etc.
  • 4th month ‘Kartik’; Diwali celebrations end in this month.

There is a saying ‘Avoid green leafy vegetables in Shravan month, Curd in Bhadrapad, milk in Ashwin and pulses (split) in Kartik month.’

No marriages or important functions take place in chaturmas for many reasons

  1. Firstly it is a period of negative state of mind and hence more chances of divorce
  2. For the same reason more chances of infertility
  3. Due to rainy seasons more chances of worms on the surface and infesting the leafy vegetables
  4. Due to Vata (movement) predominance, leafy vegetables will not be health friendly
  5. Due to pitta (metabolism) suppression, the digestive fire will be weak
  6. Many people avoid garlic and onion as it can stimulate unnecessary excitements, cause indigestion and distract devotee from pujas and prayers.

How to convert Dakshinayana into Uttarayana at the time of death?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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As per Bhagavad Gita whatever your thoughts are through life will be your thoughts at the time of your death and whatever your thoughts at the time of your death will be your thoughts in your future birth.

Bhagavad Gita says that the best time to die is Uttarayana, before full moon, in day time or in the presence of Yagna. Does that mean the people who die in Dakshinayana or 15 days before Amavasya or during night will suffer and will not get liberation or they will go to the hell?

No. If this would have the intention, Bhagavad Gita would not have mentioned it at all as this would have created unrest in 50% of the society.

Dakshinayana is the start of negative state of mind

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The uttarayana and dakshinayana are not only time periods mentioned in the Vedic literature but also the state of minds. Uttarayana means a period for a positive state of mind and Dakshinayana a period for relatively negative state of mind.

Dakshinayana is the southern transit of the Sun. The Uttarayana and Dakshinayana period is calculated differently in South andNorth India

Bhagwad Geeta talks about Moksha and liberation. Those who believe in the philosophy of rebirth know that once a soul is liberated at death, a person is not reborn. Those who believe that hell and heaven are in this birth only for them liberation means dying peacefully and without sufferings.

The theory of rebirth is well described in Bhagwad Geeta in Chapter 8.

The gist of Lord Krishna’s teaching is:
1. Whatever you think throughout your life will be your thought at the time of death.
2. Whatever is the state of mind at the time of death will be the atmosphere you will get in the rebirth. For example if your state of mind is in cruelty at the time of death, you will be born in a cruel family. If you are relaxed, thinking of God or Chanting AUM at the time of death, there are chances your soul will be liberated.
3. Fire, illumination, daytime, fortnight before the full moon and uttarayana are the paths for liberation. It means these are the periods / ways for spontaneous positive thinking. And the reverse is for dakshinayana

From mental health point of view, this knowledge can be converted into medical prescription. Uttarayana means satwa, healthy state of mind and dakshinayana means a depressed negative state of mind. Performing and attending to Yagna, sitting in well illuminated lights or exposing oneself to the day sunlight can be an adjunct to depression treatment. During the first fortnight of full moon and during uttarayana, the psychotherapy and counseling invariable will work better and the requirement of drugs may get reduced. The reverse will happen in dakshinayana.

In chakra language , from mooladhara chakra to anahata chakra is the dakshinayana path and from anahata chakra to ajna chakra is the uttarayana path. Those who travel on the uttarayana path travel from anahata chakra. Those who travel on the dakshinayana path start from mooladhara.

The Chatur Mas or Four holy months in Hinduism falls during the period of Dakshinayana. Chaturmas begins on July 11 and ends on November 6. It begins on the Ekadasi day in Shukla Paksha in the month of Ashada and ends on the Ekadasi in the Shukla Paksha in the month of Kartik. It occurs during monsoon season and most important festivals take place during this period. It’s a four month period for observing fast, rituals, pujas and festivals.

Chaturmas has following months

1st Shravan month is dedicated to Lord Shiva, especially the Mondays. Is a month or Vata or air imbalance. The classical song ” Savan ka mahina Pavan kare shor” explains the air imbalance in this month. The vata function in the mind is related to emmotional imbalance.

2nd Bhadrapad is the month of festivals including the Ganesh Chaturthi and Janmaasthmi. The month is again related to Vata or air imbalance. The classical Bollywood song “tere naina savan bhado phir bhi mera man payasa” explains the state of the mind in savan and bhado months. The state of the mind is negative with chances of more non fulfillment of desires.

3rd Ashwin month include, Durga Puja, Navratri, Diwali etc.

4th Kartik and Diwali celebrations end in this month.

It’s a saying to avoid green leafy vegetables in Shravan month, Curd in Bhadrapad, milk in Ashwin and pulses, the split variety in Kartik month.

No marriages or important functions take place in chaturmas for many reasons

1. Firstly it is a period of negative state of mind and hence more chances of divorce
2. For the same reason more chances of infertility
3. Due to rainy seasons more chances of worms on the surface and infesting the leafy vegetables
4. Due to Vata (movement) predominance, leafy vegetables will not be health friendly
5. Due to pitaa (metabolism) suppression the digestive fire will be weak
6. Many people avoid garlic and onion as it can stimulate unnecessary excitements, cause indigestion and distract devotee from pujas and prayers.

Science Behind Holasthak

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In the year 2013, the time between 19th March 2013 to 27th March 2013 is celebrated as the festival of Holashtak. It is name used to refer to the eight days prior to Holi festival and is considered inauspicious in mythology.

In North India, Holashtak begins on the Phalgun Shukla Ashtami (eighth day during the waxing phase of moon in Falgun month) and ends on the Phalgun Purnima day (full moon day). The Purnima day is observed as Holika Dahan.

It is considered inauspicious to perform auspicious ceremonies during the period like marriage, housewarming or any of the sanskars. People also avoid starting of new business etc. The day is considered ideal for performing Dhaan – alms giving.

The difference between Holi and Diwali is that holi is observed in Uttarayana (the period with positive state of mind) and Diwali in Dakshinayana (the period with negative state of mind).

In Holi we try making up with our enemies and in Diwali we only redefine our existing friendship.

Holi means burning negativity in our mind and in the mind of our enemies. This can only happen in a period of positive state of mind (first six months of the year). The process of removing negativity requires multiple attempts. As per mythology it requires eight days (or eight attempts) to remove the negative attitude of a person and hence the word Holasthak.

During the period one is trying to wash out the negativity, it is best to avoid calling people for community functions as in that case you will need to call the one with whom you are trying to patch up and the same may not be in sound frame of mind with you and you may end up with an uncomfortable situation.

The six months of Uttarayana

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1. As per Vedic knowledge, there are two seasons in the country Uttarayana and Dakshinayana.

2. Uttarayana is from mid January to mid July.

3. Dakshinayana is from mid July to mid January.

4. In Uttarayana, sun moves towards the north and days are longer.

5. In Dakshinayana, nights are longer.

6. In Uttarayana, the mind is in positive state.

7. In Dakshinayana, the mind is in negative state.

8.  In Dakshinayana, in the first four months marriages are not held.

9. In Uttarayana, only in holashtak period i.e. 8 days before Holi, the marriages and religious functions are not held.

10.  Most of the detoxification festivals are held in Dakshinayana.

11.  In Uttarayana, the major festival is only Holi which deals with removal of negativity from the mind.

12.  Being a positive state of mind, Uttarayana involves festivals which are positive, full of fun and enjoyment.

13.  Bhishm Pitamah waited for Uttarayana to leave his Prana.

14.  As per Bhagavad Gita, best time to die is Uttarayana, daytime before full moon, and in atmosphere of yagna.

15.  At the time of death, positive state of mind takes one to liberation.

The Science Behind Shradhs

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Shradhs are observed every year in Dakshinayana during Chaturmas in the Krishna Paksha of Ashwin month. Many rituals are performed to satisfy the unfulfilled desires of our three generations of our ancestors.

As per Vedas every individual has three debts to be paid off, firstly, the Devtas (Dev Rin), secondly of Guru and teachers (Rishi Rin) and, thirdly, of Ancestors (Pitra Rin).  Devtas here from scientific point of view will represent the people with Daivik qualities; teachers the ones who have taught us and Pitra will include three generations of ancestors. ‘Rin’ from scientific point of view would mean unfinished desires or tasks.

The rituals scientifically would mean detaching oneself from the guilt of unfinished task of our ancestors by detoxifying our mind.

Debt means desires of our ancestors which were not fulfilled during their lifetime. The responsibility to fulfill them automatically comes to the eldest son in the family and need to be fulfilled. If not, it reflects as a guilt disorder in the family and clinically may present with loss of wealth, loss of direction and courage and health. The resultant problems faced in mythology were called Pitra Dosh.

To remove that guilt and the resultant mental illness the ritual of performing Shradhs originated. Shradh has many components.

 1. Tarpan: or offering of water to the ancestors while reciting Mantras.

2.  Arpan (preparing food on the day of Shradh what the ancestors used to like)

3.  Brahmin bhoj (offering of Satvik food to Brahmins)

4.  Pind Daan (offering of black sesame, Kusha Grass, Jwar and boil or baked rice) observed by some.

5.  Observing a spiritual holiday or incubation period (taking a break from the routine worldly desires and going to a distant place like Gaya).

6.  Remembrance: Once the unfulfilled desires of the ancestors are over remembering our ancestors every year on the day of their death anniversary.

Scientifically Dakshinayana is the period of negative state of mind (nights are longer than days) and starts from 14th July and ends on 13th January. Chaturmas period (first four months) during Dakshinayana has the maximum negativity in the mind.  Chaturmas has Savan, Bhado, Ashwin and Kartik months.

The negative state of mind in Savan is related to anger and disturbed mind; in bhado to non fulfillment of desires and uncontrolled ego and in the month of Ashwin to guilt because of non fulfillment of desires of others (ancestors) especially during Amavasya.

In the rituals ‘Tarpan’ of Jal is offered to ancestors. ‘Jal’ in mythology means flow of thoughts and offering ‘Jal’ in mythology equates to confession and getting connected.  Tarpan is always done with an aim to purify the mind and wash off the guilt.

‘Tarpan’ is always done after the desires of our ancestors are fulfilled by the person performing the Shradh. ‘Arpan’ is the ritual named for that. Tarpan and Arpan on the day of Shradh means getting connected to our consciousness and informing that all the unfinished tasks are over so that we can get rid of the long persisting guilt trigger from our mind. Offering and making food which was liked by our ancestors on that day is just to remember and pay respect to them.

Confession is only possible in a Satwik state of mind which requires eating of Satwik food for a few days. The ritual of offering Satwik food to Brahmins during the Shradh means making only Satwik food on that day so that everyone in the family is forced to eat Satwik food during Shradhs.

Pind Daan denotes medicinal ways of detaching oneself from the guilt. All the four offerings (black sesame, Kusha grass, Jwar and Boiled or roasted rice) in Ayurveda are mentioned to detoxify the mind and making it Satwik by removing Rajas and Tamas.

If the guilt does not go by repeated Shradhs than one is required to go for a spiritual vacation during Shradh period so that he is away from the worldly desires for a few days before the Shradh and that is what going to Gaya means. This spiritual retreat works like an incubation period to the disturbed mind and gets rid off the disturbed mind and allows the undisturbed state of mind to confess and purify.

The Pitra ceremonies are usually performed either on Amavasya every month (period of most negativity in a month) or on the day death anniversary or the Hindu Tithi (day) of the death of the ancestors coinciding with the day during Shradh days. If the date of death is not known then the Shradh is observed on Amavasya.

Some people perform Shradh for full 15 days and others perform it from the first day till the day of their ancestor Shradh.

It is said that once a Shradh is successfully performed or Gaya Shradh is performed one may not need to go with Shradh rituals thereafter. As once the guilt is over there is no need for further detoxification of the mind. After that the only ritual need to be performed is ‘remembrance” which is usually performed on the death anniversary of the diseased ancestor usually by doing some charity on their names. .

One is not supposed to do good things during Shradh as during this period, the mind is in a process of detoxification.