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Dr K K Aggarwal

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

  • Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.
  • Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong and the good versus the bad.
  • They are our standards.
  • When we evaluate anything, we compare it to a standard.
  • Typical values include honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.
  • Ethics are universal.

Morals

  • Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.
  • These values get their authority from outside the individual – a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).
  • Right as defined by a higher authority.
  • By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

  • Ethics is about our actions and decisions.
  • When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.
  • When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.
  • The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

(Disclaimer: The views expressed in this write up are my own).

What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti, a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra.

In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.”

“My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today.

Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”.

He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress-induced insomnia. These situations are:

  1. A thief2. A lustful person3. A person who has lost all his wealth4. A person who has failed to achieve success5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person.

Ayurveda describes sleep problems as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta doshas. The number one cause of the same is mental tension, suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect.

The other causes of insomnia in Allopathy are constipation, dyspepsia, excessive intake of tea, coffee & alcohol and environmental factors such as excessive cold, heat. In most situations, they are the effect and not the cause of insomnia.

The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or eradication of stress with proper counseling.

Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and their texts and sutras are even true today.

Bhagavad Gita was the counseling done by Krishna when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and could not decide about going to war with this near ones. He said: “My legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking. What should I do”? The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling.

Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years.

Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. About 20 min of meditation in the morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as acquired from 7 hours of deep sleep.

Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti:

  • Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)
  • Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)
  • Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)
  • A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

The Right Action

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Dharma is the path of righteousness and living ones life according to the codes of conduct as described by the Vedas and Upanishads. Its western equivalents might include morality, ethics, virtue, righteousness and purity. The term dharma can best be explained as the “law of being” without which things cannot exist.

The word dharma is derived from dhri, which means “to hold”. It literally means “that which holds” the people of this world and the whole creation. The same is described in the Vedic Text, in Atharva Veda as: Prithivim dharmana dhritam, i.e. “this world is upheld by dharma”.

In Hinduism, Dharma is the very foundation of life. Tulsidas, the author of Ramcharitmanas, defined the root of dharma as compassion. Buddha has also described this principle in his book Dhammapada. According to Hindu philosophy, its GOD who holds us through “Truth” and/or “Love”. “Dharma prevails” or “truth prevails” is the essence of Hinduism.

In order to achieve good karma, Vedas teach that one should live according to dharma (the right action). This involves doing what is right for the individual, the family, the class or caste and also for the universe.

According to the Bhagavata Purana, righteous living or life on a dharmic path has four pillars: truthfulness (satya), austerity (tap), purity (shauch) and compassion (daya). It further adds that the adharmic or unrighteous life has three main vices: pride (ahankar), bad company (sangh), and intoxication (madya).

Manusmriti prescribes ten essential rules for the observance of dharma: Patience (dhriti), forgiveness (kshama), piety or self-control (dama), honesty (asteya), sanctity (shauch), control of senses (indriya–nigrah), reason (dhi), knowledge or learning (vidya), truthfulness (satya) and absence of anger (krodha). Manu further writes, “Non-violence, truth, non–coveting, purity of body and mind, control of senses are the essence of dharma”.

In Bhagwata Gita, Lord Krishna says that in the society dharma is likely to fall from time to time, and to bring dharma back, a GOD representative is born from time to time.

The shloka “parithraanaaya saadhoonaam vinaasaaya cha dhushkr.thaamdharma-samsthaapanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yuge” (Chapter IV – 8)” says that “For the protection of the virtuous, for the destruction of evil-doers, and for establishing the rule of righteousness (Dharma), I am born from age to age [in every age]”. Another shloka “yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham” means that O descendant of Bharata “Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, and a predominant rise of irreligion – at that time I descend Myself”.

Deepak Chopra in his book Seven Spiritual Laws of Success talks about the “Law of ‘Dharma’ or Purpose in Life’”. According to him, everybody should discover his or her divinity, find the unique talent and serve humanity with it. With this, one can generate all the wealth that one wants.

According to him, when your creative expressions match the needs of your fellow humans, then wealth will spontaneously flow from the un–manifest into the manifest, from the realm of spirit to the world of form. In spiritual terms this is an attempt to find out whether one’s life is progressing as per the Laws of Dharma (Dharma in Sanskrit means ‘purpose in life’) which, according to the scriptures, is said to be the sole purpose for a human being to manifest in this physical form.

For one to achieve ‘DHARMA’ he suggests the following affirmative exercises:

  1. Today I will lovingly nurture the god or goddess in embryo form that lies deep within my soul. I will pay attention to the spirit within me that animates both my body and my mind. I will awaken myself to this deep stillness within my heart. I will carry this consciousness of timeless, eternal being in the midst of time-bound experiences.
  2. I will make a list of my unique talents. Then I will list all of the things I love to do while expressing my unique talents. When I express my unique talents and use them in the service of humanity, I lose track of time and create abundance in my life as well as in the lives of others.
  3. I will ask myself daily, ‘How can I serve?’ and ‘How can I help?’ The answers to these questions will allow me to help and serve my fellow human beings with love.

Karma, dharma and samsara are three fundamental aspects of Hinduism. Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism are all built on these aspects. Dharma is one’s appropriate role or attributes. Karma measures how well one performs one’s dharma, explains why one is born where he or she is, and why there is suffering and seeming injustices. Samsara is the continuous cycle of birth, death and rebirth, and the context for all experience.

Dharma sutras from Dharma Shãstras are the basic texts which talks about the morality of individuals and the society. Most Indian laws are made from these Shãstras.

In Jainism also, the wheel of Dharma (Chakra) with 24 spokes represents the religion preached by the 24 Tirthankaras consisting of nonviolence (Ahimsa) and other virtues.

The very first word of the Gita is “Dharma”. The Gita concludes with the word “Mama”. The whole of Bhagavad Gita is contained in the two words ‘Mama’ and ‘Dharma’. When you join these two words it becomes mamadharma, meaning ‘your true Dharma’. This is what the Gita teaches. ‘What is your Dharma?’

How to achieve your dharma?

  1. Do unto others what you do unto yourself and satisfy your conscience. That is your Dharma.
  2. The word ‘Living Dharma’ signifies right action in every moment of the life.
  3. Do not follow the dictates of body, and do not indiscriminately follow the mind, for the mind is like a mad monkey. Hence, follow the conscience.

(Disclaimer: The views expressed in this write up are my own).

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

  1. Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.
  2. Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong and the good versus the bad.
  3. They are our standards.
  4. When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.
  5. Typical values include honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.
  6. Ethics are universal.

Morals

  1. Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.
  2. These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).
  3. Right as defined by a higher authority.
  4. By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

  1. Ethics is about our actions and decisions.
  2. When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.
  3. When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.
  4. The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

(Disclaimer: The views expressed in this write up are my own).

The Right Action

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on The Right Action

Dharma is the path of righteousness and living one s life according to the codes of conduct as described by the Vedas and Upanishads. Its western equivalents might include morality ethics virtue righteousness and purity. The term dharma can best be explained as the law of being without which things cannot exist. The word dharma is derived from dhri which means to hold . It literally means that which holds the people of this world and the whole creation. The same is described in the Vedic Text in Atharva Veda as Prithivim dharmana dhritam i.e. this world is upheld by dharma . In Hinduism Dharma is the very foundation of life. Tulsidas the author of Ramcharitmanas defined the root of dharma as compassion. Buddha has also described this principle in his book Dhammapada. According to Hindu philosophy it s GOD who holds us through Truth and or Love . Dharma prevails or truth prevails is the essence of Hinduism. In order to achieve good karma Vedas teach that one should live according to dharma the right action . This involves doing what is right for the individual the family the class or caste and also for the universe. According to the Bhagavat Purana righteous living or life on a dharmic path has four pillars truthfulness satya austerity tap purity shauch and compassion daya . It further adds that the adharmic or unrighteous life has three main vices pride ahankar bad company sangh and intoxication madya . Manusmriti prescribes ten essential rules for the observance of dharma Patience dhriti forgiveness kshama piety or self control dama honesty asteya sanctity shauch control of senses indriya nigrah reason dhi knowledge or learning vidya truthfulness satya and absence of anger krodha . Manu further writes Non violence truth non coveting purity of body and mind control of senses are the essence of dharma . In Bhagwad Gita Lord Krishna says that in the society dharma is likely to fall from time to time and to bring dharma back a GOD representative is born from time to time. The shloka parithraanaaya saadhoonaam vinaasaaya cha dhushkr.thaam dharma samsthaapanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yuge Chapter IV ndash 8 says that For the protection of the virtuous for the destruction of evil doers and for establishing the rule of righteousness Dharma I am born from age to age in every age . Another shloka yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham means that O descendant of Bharata Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice and a predominant rise of irreligion at that time I descend Myself . Deepak Chopra in his book Seven Spiritual Laws of Success talks about the Law of Dharma or Purpose in Life . According to him everybody should discover his or her divinity find the unique talent and serve humanity with it. With this one can generate all the wealth that one wants. According to him when your creative expressions match the needs of your fellow humans then wealth will spontaneously flow from the un manifest into the manifest from the realm of spirit to the world of form. In spiritual terms this is an attempt to find out whether one s life is progressing as per the Laws of Dharma Dharma in Sanskrit means purpose in life which according to the scriptures is said to be the sole purpose for a human being to manifest in this physical form. For one to achieve DHARMA he suggests the following affirmative exercises Today I will lovingly nurture the god or goddess in embryo form that lies deep within my soul. I will pay attention to the spirit within me that animates both my body and my mind. I will awaken myself to this deep stillness within my heart. I will carry this consciousness of timeless eternal being in the midst of time bound experiences. I will make a list of my unique talents. Then I will list all of the things I love to do while expressing my unique talents. When I express my unique talents and use them in the service of humanity I lose track of time and create abundance in my life as well as in the lives of others. I will ask myself daily How can I serve and How can I help The answers to these questions will allow me to help and serve my fellow human beings with love. Karma dharma and samsara are three fundamental aspects of Hinduism. Buddhism Jainism and Hinduism are all built on these aspects. Dharma is one s appropriate role or attributes. Karma measures how well one performs one s dharma explains why one is born where he or she is and why there is suffering and seeming injustices. Samsara is the continuous cycle of birth death and rebirth and the context for all experience. Dharma sutras from Dharma Sh stras are the basic texts which talks about the morality of individuals and the society. Most Indian laws are made from these Sh stras. In Jainism also the wheel of Dharma Chakra with 24 spokes represents the religion preached by the 24 Tirthankaras consisting of nonviolence Ahimsa and other virtues. The very first word of the Gita is Dharma . The Gita concludes with the word Mama . The whole of Bhagavad Gita is contained in the two words Mama and Dharma . When you join these two words it becomes mamadharma meaning your true Dharma . This is what the Gita teaches. What is your Dharma How to achieve your dharma Do unto others what you do unto yourself and satisfy your conscience. That is your Dharma. The word Living Dharma signifies right action in every moment of the life. Do not follow the dictates of body and do not indiscriminately follow the mind for the mind is like a mad monkey. Hence follow the conscience. Disclaimer The views expressed in this write up are my own .

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values • Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just. • Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad. • They are our standards. • When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard. • Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness. Morals • Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs. • These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society). • Right as defined by a higher authority. • By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority. Ethics • Ethics is about our actions and decisions. • When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically. • Ethics are universal. • When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically. • The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

• Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.

• Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong and the good versus the bad.

• They are our standards.

• When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.

• Typical values include honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.

• Ethics are universal.

Morals

• Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.

• These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).

• Right as defined by a higher authority.

• By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

• Ethics is about our actions and decisions.

• When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.

• When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.

• The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti, a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra.

In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.”

“My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today. Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”.

He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress-induced insomnia. These situations are:

1. A thief

2. A lustful person

3. A person who has lost all his wealth

4. A person who has failed to achieve success

5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person. Ayurveda describes sleep problems as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta doshas. The number one cause of the same is mental tension, suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect.

The other causes of insomnia in Allopathy are constipation, dyspepsia, excessive intake of tea, coffee & alcohol and environmental factors such as excessive cold, heat. In most situations, they are the effect and not the cause of insomnia.

The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or eradication of stress with proper counseling.

Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and their texts and sutras are even true today.

Bhagavad Gita was the counseling done by Krishna when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and could not decide about going to war with this near ones. He said: “My legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking. What should I do”? The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling.

Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years. Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. About 20 min of meditation in the morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as acquired from 7 hours of deep sleep.

Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti

• Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)

• Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)

• Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)

• A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

• Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.

• Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong and the good versus the bad.

• They are our standards.

• When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.

• Typical values include honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.

• Ethics are universal.

Morals

• Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.

• These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).

• Right as defined by a higher authority.

• By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

• Ethics is about our actions and decisions.

• When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.

• When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.

• The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Health Care - Ask Dr KK | Tagged With: , | | Comments Off on What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti, a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra. In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.” “My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today. Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”. He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress-induced insomnia. These situations are:

1. A thief

2. A lustful person

3. A person who has lost all his wealth

4. A person who has failed to achieve success

5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person. Ayurveda describes sleep problems as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta doshas. The number one cause of the same is mental tension, suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect. The other causes of insomnia in Allopathy are constipation, dyspepsia, excessive intake of tea, coffee & alcohol and environmental factors such as excessive cold, heat. In most situations, they are the effect and not the cause of insomnia. The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or eradication of stress with proper counseling. Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and their texts and sutras are even true today. Bhagavad Gita was the counseling done by Krishna when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and could not decide about going to war with this near ones. He said: “My legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking. What should I do”? The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling. Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years. Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. About 20 min of meditation in the morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as acquired from 7 hours of deep sleep. Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti

• Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)

• Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)

• Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)

• A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

  • Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.
  • Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad.
  • They are our standards.
  • When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.
  • Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.
  • Ethics are universal.

Morals

  • Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.
  • These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).
  • Right as defined by a higher authority.
  • By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion…) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

  • Ethics is about our actions and decisions.
  • When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.
  • When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.
  • The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

  • Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.
  • Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad.
  • They are our standards.
  • When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.
  • Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.
  • Ethics are universal

Morals

  • Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.
  • These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).
  • Right as defined by a higher authority.
  • By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

  • Ethics is about our actions and decisions.
  • When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.
  • When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.
  • The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

  • Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.
  • Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad.
  • They are our standards.
  • When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.
  • Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.
  • Ethics are universal

Morals

  • Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.
  • These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).
  • Right as defined by a higher authority.
  • By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

  • Ethics is about our actions and decisions.
  • When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.
  • When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.
  • The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

Values, Morals and Ethics

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

Values

• Values are our fundamental beliefs. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.

• Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad.

• They are our standards.

• When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.

• Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.

• Ethics are universal

Morals

• Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.

• These values get their authority from outside the individual– a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).

• Right as defined by a higher authority.

• By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

Ethics

• Ethics is about our actions and decisions.

• When one acts in ways that are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we characterize that as acting ethically.

• When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we view that as acting unethically.

• The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.

Values, Morals and Ethics

By
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , , | | Comments Off on Values, Morals and Ethics

1. Values are our fundamental beliefs.

a. They are the principles we use to define that which is right, good and just.

b. Values provide guidance to determine the right versus the wrong, the good versus the bad.

c. They are our standards.

d. When we evaluate anything we compare it to a standard.

e. Typical values include: honesty, integrity, compassion, courage, honor, responsibility, patriotism, respect and fairness.

f. Ethics are universal

2. Morals

a. Morals are values which we attribute to a system of beliefs, typically a religious system, but it could be a political system of some other set of beliefs.

b. These values get their authority from outside the individual- a higher being or higher authority (e.g. society).

c. Right as defined by a higher authority.

d. By that definition one could categorize the values listed above (honesty, integrity, compassion …) as “moral values” – values derived from a higher authority.

3. Ethics

a. Ethics is about our actions and decisions.

b. When one acts in ways which are consistent with our beliefs (whether secular or derived from a moral authority) we will characterize that as acting ethically.

c. When one’s actions are not congruent with our values – our sense of right, good and just – we will view that as acting unethically.

d. The ethics of our decisions and actions is defined socially, not individually.