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Dr K K Aggarwal

Avoid food poisoning by thorough washing and proper cooking

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Thorough washing and proper cooking of fruits and vegetables can eliminate most bacteria that cause food poisoning.

Food borne illnesses or food poisoning usually occurs due to eating food that is contaminated withbacteria or their toxins.

Virus and parasites can also be cause food poisoning.

People have known for long that raw meat, poultry and eggs can also harbor diseases causing microbes.

But in recent years most outbreaks of food borne illnesses have been due to fresh fruits and vegetables.

Food poisoning can cause abdominal pain, nausea, headache, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.

Symptoms may appear several hours to several days after eating tainted food.

For example, Salmonella bacteria will cause illness 12 hours to 3 days after ingestion lasting about 4-7 days.

The most common way to treat food poisoning is to drink plenty of fluids.

The sickness usually subsides within a few days.

Warning signs of worsening heart failure

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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If you have heart failure, call your doctor if you notice any of these signs:

  1. Sudden weight gain (2–3 pounds (~1 kg) in one day or 5 or more pounds (>2.2 kg) in one week
  2. Extra swelling in the feet or ankles
  3. Swelling or pain in the abdomen
  4. Shortness of breath not related to exercise
  5. Discomfort or trouble breathing when lying flat
  6. Waking up feeling short of breath
  7. Coughing or wheezing
  8. Increased fatigue
  9. Mental confusion
  10. Loss of appetite

Avoid Food Poisoning by thorough washing and proper cooking

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Avoid Food Poisoning by thorough washing and proper cooking

Thorough washing and proper cooking of fruits and vegetables can eliminate most bacteria that cause food poisoning.

Food-borne illnesses or food poisoning usually occurs due to eating food that is contaminated with bacteria or their toxins. Virus and parasites can also be cause food poisoning. People have known for long that raw meat, poultry and eggs can also harbor diseases causing microbes. But in recent years most outbreaks of food borne illnesses have been due to fresh fruits and vegetables.

Food poisoning can cause abdominal pain, nausea, headache, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration. Symptoms may appear several hours to several days after eating tainted food. For example, Salmonella bacteria will cause illness 12 hours to 3 days after ingestion lasting about 4-7 days.

The most common way to treat food poisoning is to drink plenty of fluids. The sickness usually subsides within a few days.

Besan or gram flour has health benefits

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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If you are in doubt that your food may be the cause of your illness try substituting one food each day. To begin with its best to use besan gram flour in place of wheat flour. People suffering from celiac disease cannot digest a protein called gluten which is found in barley and wheat flour. Gluten triggers immune system in patients to damage small intestine villi. As a result patients cannot absorb nutrients from food and remain malnourished which could lead to anemia weight loss and fatigue. Celiac disease patients suffer from fat malabsorption. A gluten free diet is also recommended for patients with wheat allergy dermatitis herpetiformis multiple sclerosis autoimmune disorders autism spectrum disorders ADHD and some behavioral problems. Gluten containing cereals are wheat barley rye oats and triticale. Gluten is also present as a food additive in the form of a flavoring stabilizing or thickening agent. In these conditions one should switch over to gluten free foods. The best alternative is to shift from wheat flour to gram flour besan .

Avoid food poisoning by thorough washing and proper cooking

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Avoid food poisoning by thorough washing and proper cooking

Thorough washing and proper cooking of fruits and vegetables can eliminate most bacteria that cause food poisoning.
Food-borne illnesses or food poisoning usually occurs due to eating food that is contaminated with bacteria or their toxins.
Virus and parasites can also be cause food poisoning. People have known for long that raw meat, poultry and eggs can also harbor diseases causing microbes. But in recent years most outbreaks of food borne illnesses have been due to fresh fruits and vegetables.
Food poisoning can cause abdominal pain, nausea, headache, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration. Symptoms may appear several hours to several days after eating tainted food. For example, Salmonella bacteria will cause illness 12 hours to 3 days after ingestion lasting about 4-7 days.
The most common way to treat food poisoning is to drink plenty of fluids. The sickness usually subsides within a few days.

Warning signs of worsening heart failure

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , , | | Comments Off on Warning signs of worsening heart failure

If you have heart failure, call your doctor if you notice any of these signs: • Sudden weight gain (2–3 pounds in one day or 5 or more pounds in one week) • Extra swelling in the feet or ankles • Swelling or pain in the abdomen • Shortness of breath not related to exercise • Discomfort or trouble breathing when lying flat • Waking up feeling short of breath • Coughing or wheezing • Increased fatigue • Mental confusion • Loss of appetite

Tackling tension headaches

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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If you suffer from headaches often, more than once or twice a week, then try the following. 1. Don’t skip meals. 2. Get enough sleep. 3. Avoid stress and fatigue. 4. Learn physical and relaxation therapies. 5. Apply heating pad to the neck and shoulders to relax the muscles. 6. Exercising the muscles of neck and shoulders by strengthening and stretching them. 7. Relaxation exercises that focus your attention on various parts of your body in order to relax and release tension and stress can also help. 8. Learn Biofeedback relaxation techniques. Learn to recognize when you are becoming tense and then find ways to relax the muscles before they tighten so much that you develop a tension headache. 9. Identify trigger points, at the back of the neck or in the shoulders. Injecting a local anesthetic into these areas may eliminate the pain and prevent headache.

Do Not Ignore Day time Sleepiness

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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with snoring is related to several cardiovascular diseases. It is a cause of systemic hypertension.

Mild lung hypertension is also associated with OSA. Heart blockages are associated with severe OSA but not mild OSA. Night cardiac arrhythmias with OSA are known and therefore all patients with nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias should be evaluated for possible OSA. Treatment of OSA may reduce systemic blood pressure, lung pressure, cardiovascular events and eliminate nocturnal ventricular bradycardia and asystole in many patients with OSA.

The throat is surrounded by muscles that control the airway for speaking, swallowing and breathing. During sleep, these muscles are less active, and this causes the throat to narrow. In most people, this narrowing does not affect breathing. In others, it can cause snoring, sometimes with reduced or completely blocked airflow.

A completely blocked airway without airflow is called an obstructive apnea. Partial obstruction with diminished airflow is called a hypopnea. A person may have apnea and hypopnea during sleep.

Insufficient breathing due to apnea or hypopnea causes oxygen levels to fall and carbon dioxide to rise. Because the airway is blocked, breathing faster or harder does not help to improve oxygen levels until the airway is reopened. Typically, this requires the person to awaken to activate the upper airway muscles. Once the airway is opened, the person then takes several deep breaths to catch up on breathing. As the person awakens, he or she may move briefly, snort or snore, and take a deep breath. Less frequently, a person may awaken completely with a sensation of gasping, smothering, or choking.

Many people with sleep apnea are unaware of their abnormal breathing in sleep, and all patients underestimate how often their sleep is interrupted. Awakening from sleep causes sleep to be unrefreshing and causes fatigue and daytime sleepiness.

Symptoms of OSA

The main symptoms include loud snoring, fatigue, and daytime sleepiness. However, some people have no symptoms. Fatigue and sleepiness have many causes and are often attributed to overwork and increasing age.

Other symptoms may include one or more of the following:

  • Restless sleep
  • Awakening with choking, gasping, or smothering
  • Morning headaches, dry mouth or sore throat
  • Waking frequently to urinate
  • Awakening unrested, groggy
  • Memory impairment, difficulty concentrating, low energy

Certain factors increase the risk of sleep apnea.

  • Increasing age: Sleep apnea occurs at all ages, but it is more common in middle and older age adults.
  • Male sex: Sleep apnea is two times more common in men, especially in middle age.
  • Obesity: The more obese a person is, the more likely they are to have sleep apnea.
  • Sedation from medication or alcohol interferes with the ability to awaken from sleep and can lengthen periods of apnea (no breathing), with potentially dangerous consequences.
  • Abnormality of the airway

Complications of sleep apnea

  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Increased risk of accidents and errors in daily activities
  • More than twice as likely to be involved in a motor vehicle accident
  • Increased risk of cardiovascular problems such as high blood pressure, heart attack, abnormal heart rhythms, or stroke

Diagnosis of sleep apnea

  • A complaint of snoring and ineffective sleep
  • Neck size (greater than 17 inches in men or 16 inches in women) is associated with an increased risk of sleep apnea.
  • A small upper airway: Difficulty seeing the throat because of a tongue that is large for the mouth.
  • High blood pressure, especially if it is resistant to treatment
  • If a bed partner has observed the patient during episodes of stopped breathing (apnea), choking, or gasping during sleep, there is a good possibility of sleep apnea.