1. Exercise regularly: Weight-bearing, muscle-strengthening and balance-training exercises are best.

2. Ensure a diet rich in bone-healthy nutrients: Calcium, vitamin D and protein are the most important for bone health. Safe exposure to sunshine will help you get enough vitamin D.

3. Avoid negative lifestyle habits: Maintain a healthy body weight, stop smoking and reduce alcohol intake.

4. Identify your risk factors: and bring these to your doctor’s attention, especially if you’ve had a previous fracture or have specific diseases and/or are taking medications that affect bone health.

5. Take osteoporosis medicine, if needed: Treatment will help to improve bone miner density (BMD) and reduce risk of fracture.

(Source: http://worldosteoporosisday.org/2016/campaign)