Sub Logo

Dr K K Aggarwal

Tips a woman can follow to prevent birth defects in newborns

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , | | Comments Off on Tips a woman can follow to prevent birth defects in newborns

  1. Consume a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Limit the intake of processed or junk food.
  2. Quit smoking or drinking as both these habits can harm the fetus. Avoid any form of drugs as well.
  3. Some infections that a woman can get during pregnancy can be harmful to the developing baby and can even cause birth defects. Follow a healthy lifestyle to avoid these.
  4. Get all your pregnancy vaccinations on time and take any medications prescribed as per schedule.

Tips to maintain a healthy lifestyle

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on Tips to maintain a healthy lifestyle

  • Follow a healthy eating plan. Make healthy food choices, keep your calorie needs and your family’s calorie needs in mind, and focus on the balance of energy IN and energy OUT.
  • Focus on portion size. Watch the portion sizes in fast food and other restaurants. The portions often served are enough for two or three people. Children’s portion sizes should be smaller than those for adults. Cutting back on portion size will help you balance energy IN and energy OUT.
  • Be active. Make personal and family time active. Find activities that everyone will enjoy. For example, go for a brisk walk, bike or rollerblade, or train together for a walk or run.
  • Reduce screen time. Limit the use of TVs, computers, DVDs, and video games because they limit the time for physical activity. Health experts recommend 2 hours or less a day of screen time that does not work- or homework-related.
  • Keep track of your weight, body mass index, and waist circumference. Also, keep track of your children’s growth.
  • Ensure that your abdominal circumference is lower than 80 cm/90cm (women and men)
  • Keep fasting sugar lower than 80 mg% and blood pressure lower than 80 mm Hg.
  • Keep heart rate lower than 80 per minute and bad LDL cholesterol lower than 80 mg%.
  • Do not consume more than 80 grams of caloric solid or liquid food at once.
  • Observe carbohydrate fast 80 days a year.
  • Consume at least 80 fruits and vegetables servings in a week.

Smoking leads to cardiovascular aging

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , , | | Comments Off on Smoking leads to cardiovascular aging

Consuming tobacco can increase the cardiovascular age of a person, which can be much higher than the biological age. Cardiovascular aging in chronic smokers can be 10 years more than the biological age. This can be calculated by measuring the wall thickness of the carotid neck artery supplying blood to the brain. Apart from that, one can also measure the endothelial functions of the brachial artery supplying blood to the hand. Cardiac age of a person is calculated by measuring the relaxation functions of the heart. With advancing age the heart fails to relax properly. This relaxation abnormality usually comes after the age of 60. If the same is seen at the age of 40, one knows what the biological age and cardiac age is. The good news is that cardiovascular age of a person can be regressed by quitting smoking and tobacco along with adoption of a healthy lifestyle including diet and exercise. Graying of the hair may not be sufficient to know the age of a person. Today, it is the cardiovascular age which is important.