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Dr K K Aggarwal

50% of adverse drug reactions can be prevented

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on 50% of adverse drug reactions can be prevented

Over 50% of all adverse drug reactions treated in hospitals and emergency care are preventable. Many preventable drug reactions like drug overdoses and internal bleeding associated with the improper use of blood thinners and painkillers are life-threatening, especially in the elderly. There are many reasons for these reactions and may include poor coordination of care, lack of time and knowledge among health professionals, and lack of patient education, according to Swedish researchers, who conducted a meta-analysis of 22 studies. Human error is inevitable, and therefore systems must be made to reduce the error. The study concluded that:

• In outpatient setting, the frequency of preventable adverse drug reactions resulting in hospitalization or emergency treatment is 2%; of these, 51% are preventable.

• In the elderly, 71% of drug reactions are preventable.

• In admitted patients, the frequency of harmful drug reactions is 1.6% and 45% of them are preventable.

• A third of preventable adverse drug reactions are life-threatening.

Water Hygiene

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , | | Comments Off on Water Hygiene

Safe water is an essential commodity to prevent most water and food-borne diseases like diarrhea, typhoid, jaundice, parasitic infections etc. These diseases are 100% preventable. All of them can be lethal if not prevented, diagnosed or treated in time. Here are a few tips:

• Travelers should avoid consuming tap water.

• Avoid ice made from tap water.

• Avoid any food rinsed in tap water.

• Chlorination kills most bacterial and viral pathogens.

• Chlorination does not kill giardia cysts.

• Chlorination does not kill amoeba cysts.

• Chlorination does not kill cryptosporidium.

• Boiled water is safe.

• Treated water is safe.

• Bottled water is safe.

• Carbonated drinks, wine and drinks made with boiled water are safe.

• Freezing does not kill the organisms that cause diarrhea. Ice in drinks is not safe unless it has been made from adequately boiled or filtered water.

• Alcohol does not sterilize water or the ice. Mixed drinks may still be contaminated.

• Hot tea and coffee are the best alternatives to boiled water.

• Bottled drinks should be requested without ice and should be drunk from the bottle with a straw rather than with a glass.

• Boiling water for 3 minutes followed by cooling to room temperature will kill bacterial parasites.

• Adding two drops of 5% sodium hydrochloride (bleach) to quarter of water (1 liter) will kill most bacteria in 30 minutes.

• Adding 5 drops of tincture of iodine to a quarter of water (1 liter) will kill bacteria within 30 minutes.

50% of adverse drug reactions can be prevented

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Wellness | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on 50% of adverse drug reactions can be prevented

Over 50% of all adverse drug reactions treated in hospitals and emergency care are preventable.

Many preventable drug reactions like drug overdoses and internal bleeding associated with the improper use of blood thinners and painkillers are life–threatening especially in the elderly. There are many reasons for these reactions and may include poor coordination of care, lack of time and knowledge among health professionals, and lack of patient education, according to Swedish researchers, who conducted a meta–analysis of 22 studies. Human error is inevitable, and therefore systems must be made to reduce the error. The study concluded that:

  • In outpatient setting, the frequency of preventable adverse drug reactions resulting in hospitalization or emergency treatment is 2%; of these 51 percent are preventable.
  • In the elderly, 71 percent of drug reactions are preventable.
  • In admitted patients the frequency of harmful drug reactions is 1.6 percent and 45 percent of them are preventable.
  • A third of preventable adverse drug reactions are life–threatening.