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Dr K K Aggarwal

Do Your Duty with Discipline and Devotion

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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Vasudhaiva kutumbakam the whole world is one family and Ekam Sat Viprah Bahudavanti truth is one but the wise call it by various names are two basic statements which come from the ancient Rig Veda and form the fundamentals of Vedic philosophy. One should do one s duty with devotion and discipline. This principle can be remembered as the principle of three Ds. In daily routine one should remember the purpose for which one is born which to fulfill Dharma duty Artha wealth Kama desire and Moksha liberation . To achieve them one needs to follow the four Fs i Follow the teacher ii Face the negative devils of the mind iii Fight till the end and iv Finish at the goal. The essence of Bhagwad Gita can be summarized in one shloka Chapter 2.48 where Krishna says to Arjuna yogastha kuru karmani which means concentrate on actions do all actions while remaining in yoga . He further says that one should take success and failure in the same stride. yogastha steadfast in yoga kuru perform karmani duties or action . To acquire spiritual health one should follow three Ss which are i Satsang company of good people ii Sadhana hard work and iii Sanskar good deeds . Adi Shankaracharya in Bhaj Govindam describes them as Satnam or Simran bhakti or reciting the name of their God Satsang company of good people and Seva good karmas . Before doing any work one should follow the principles of three Hs i listen with the Head ii follow the Heart to choose one of the choices and iii order the Hands to take an action. The ABCs of a good professional are Availability Behavior and Competence. Competence comes last the first is the availability of the professional. An action should be based on Truth it should be coming from consciousness and should end in internal bliss. Various Vedic literatures have termed this triad by different names like satha chitha ananda and satyam shivam sundaram. Disclaimer The views expressed in this write up are my own .

1.   Rigveda  or Gyankanda
2.  Yajurveda or Karma kanda
3.   Samveda or Upasana Kand
4.   Atharva Veda or reasoning.

There are four aspects of any learning What (the Facts); Where (the Rituals); How (the procedure) and Why  (the reasoning). Sequentially they correlate with the four Vedas.

When we write any thesis, we start with aims and objectives (Rig-Veda), Methodology and review of literature (Yajurveda); Material and methods (Samveda) and Discussion
(Atharveda).

Example: We want to spread the knowledge that eating sugar is bad for the heart

1. Sugar is bad for the heart (Rig Veda)
2.  Where is sugar available (Yajurveda)
3.   How is sugar prepared (Samveda)
4.    Whys sugar is harmful (Atharva Veda)

As per Rig Veda, there are eight types of marriages depending on which need you are trying to fulfill.

1. Brahman or arranged marriage: The parents choose the right spouse for their daughter and give her away in a wedding function.
2. Praajaapathyam: Groom wants to marry to become a grihasth to do his dharma.
3. Aarusham: A man realizing that he cannot function by himself without a wife approaches the girl’s father to give away the daughter to him. The man offers two cows (money) in exchange.
4. Daiveekam: When yagna was done, kings offered their daughters as Dakshina (fees for the conductor of the yagna for the services rendered) to the rishis who conducted the yagna.
5. Aasuram: Give a lot of money or other forms of wealth either to the girl or her parents and marry.
6. Gaandharvam: A man and a woman falling in love out of lust and then getting married.
7. Raakshasam: Abducting the girl and getting married.
8. Paisaasam: Getting married to a girl when she is sleeping or unaware of what is going on (like under the influence of drug or intoxication).

Two Hindu principles that symbolize the outcome of freedom of thought were conceptualized four thousand years back by unnamed Rishis in Rig-Veda which says, “This world is one family” (Vasudaiva Kutumbakam) and that “The Universal Reality is the same, but different people can call it by different names” (Ekam Sat Viprah Bahuda Vadanti).

In these two statements made in ancient Hindu India, we see the seeds of globalization and freedom of thought.

Most religions teach belief in One God. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are, in fact, Semitic religions essentially speaking of One God. Even Hinduism that talks of many gods, in its highest form speaks only of One God.

This was defined in the Sanskrit verse in the Rig Veda: “Ekam Sat vipra bahuda vadanti” (The Truth is One, but scholars call it by many names.)

“Vasudaiva Kutumbakam” defines that you and me are not different from each other and we are the part of the same web of life. The same spirit is shared by you and me and we are just the two sides of the same coin. And hence, it adds on to say, how can there be any conflict between us?

The truth is one, but is perceived differently because different people are at different levels of evolution in spiritual terms. Everybody perceives it with their level of understanding and perception. For an uneducated village society even an entry of intelligent person in the village will be perceived as of GOD.

Vedanta upholds the reality of this indivisible, immanent and transcendent truth called Spirit. Vedanta denotes one’s identity with the rest of humanity. According to it, there is no stranger in this world. Everyone is related to one another in the kinship of the Spirit. In Vedanta, there is no ‘I’ and ‘for me’; but is ‘ours’ and ‘for us’; and ultimately ‘His’ and ‘for Him’.

If the Vedanta philosophy is rightly followed upon, it will obliterate all evils. It is the science of right living and it is not the sole monopoly of the Hindus. It is for all and it has no quarrel with any religion. It preaches universal principles and Vedanta is the only universal and eternal religion. It is a great leveler and it unites all, giving room to all.