• Hanging is the simplest and yet highly effective method used by people who commit suicide.
  • It is the most common cause of suicide after poisoning in women and after gunshot injury in men.
  • Hanging accounts for 53% of suicides in males and 39% in females.
  • It has a high mortality rate up to 70%.
  • The materials required are easily available and of wide range and therefore it is difficult to prevent.
  • Hanging can be suspension hanging or drop hanging.
  • Suspension hanging is hanging of the body by the neck and drop hanging involves calculated drop to break the neck.
  • In suspension hanging, a person takes 10 to 20 minutes to die resulting into a painful death. Materials used are rope, bed sheet, shoe laces, telephone extension cables, thread of the chairs/mattresses.
  • Suspension hanging causes compression of carotid artery, jugular veins and the airway.
  • In suspension hanging, 5 kg of pressure is required to compress the carotid artery; 2 kg of pressure is required to compress the jugular veins and 15 kg of pressure is required to compress the airway. Unconsciousness occurs in 5 to13 seconds.
  • Full suspension is not necessary, even with partial suspension a person can die.
  • Near hanging is the term used for those who survive.