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Dr K K Aggarwal

What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
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The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti, a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra.

In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.”

“My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today.

Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”.

He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress-induced insomnia. These situations are:

  1. A thief2. A lustful person3. A person who has lost all his wealth4. A person who has failed to achieve success5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person.

Ayurveda describes sleep problems as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta doshas. The number one cause of the same is mental tension, suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect.

The other causes of insomnia in Allopathy are constipation, dyspepsia, excessive intake of tea, coffee & alcohol and environmental factors such as excessive cold, heat. In most situations, they are the effect and not the cause of insomnia.

The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or eradication of stress with proper counseling.

Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and their texts and sutras are even true today.

Bhagavad Gita was the counseling done by Krishna when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and could not decide about going to war with this near ones. He said: “My legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking. What should I do”? The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling.

Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years.

Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. About 20 min of meditation in the morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as acquired from 7 hours of deep sleep.

Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti:

  • Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)
  • Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)
  • Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)
  • A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

What are the Principles of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , , , , , | | Comments Off on What are the Principles of Vidur Niti?

The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra.

In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.

“My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today.

Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success, and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”.

He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress induced insomnia.

The situations are:

  1. A thief
  2. A lustful person
  3. A person who has lost all his wealth
  4. A person who has failed to achieve success
  5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person.

Ayurveda describes sleep as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta dosha. The number one cause of the same is mental tension; suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect.

Apart in Allopathy other causes of insomnia mentioned are constipation; dyspepsia; excessive intake of tea, coffee and alcohol and environment Factors-excessive cold, heat or change of environment. They are in most of the situations the effect and not the cause of insomnia.

The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or root level eradication of stress with proper counseling. Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and provide texts and sutras even true today.

Bhagavad Gita was a counseling when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and was not being able to decide whether or not he should fight with his near ones. He said: my legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking, what should I do”. The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling.

Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years.

Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in Patanjali Yoga Sutra or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. 20 minutes of meditation morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as gathered from 7 hours of deep sleep.

Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti:

  1. Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)
  2. Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)
  3. Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)
  4. A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

(Disclaimer: The views expressed in this write up are my own).

What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Spirituality - Science Behind Rituals | Tagged With: , , , | | Comments Off on What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti, a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra.

In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.”

“My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today. Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”.

He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress-induced insomnia. These situations are:

1. A thief

2. A lustful person

3. A person who has lost all his wealth

4. A person who has failed to achieve success

5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person. Ayurveda describes sleep problems as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta doshas. The number one cause of the same is mental tension, suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect.

The other causes of insomnia in Allopathy are constipation, dyspepsia, excessive intake of tea, coffee & alcohol and environmental factors such as excessive cold, heat. In most situations, they are the effect and not the cause of insomnia.

The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or eradication of stress with proper counseling.

Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and their texts and sutras are even true today.

Bhagavad Gita was the counseling done by Krishna when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and could not decide about going to war with this near ones. He said: “My legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking. What should I do”? The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling.

Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years. Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. About 20 min of meditation in the morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as acquired from 7 hours of deep sleep.

Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti

• Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)

• Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)

• Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)

• A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

By Dr K K Aggarwal
Filed Under Health Care - Ask Dr KK | Tagged With: , | | Comments Off on What are the Ethics of Vidur Niti?

The best description of the causes and treatment of insomnia comes from Vidura Niti, a dialogue between Vidura and Dhritarashtra. In the text, King Dhritarashtra said: “O Vidura, Sanjaya has come back. He has gone away after rebuking me. Tomorrow he will deliver, in the midst of the court, Ajatashatru’s message. I have not been able today to ascertain what the message is of the Kuru hero. Therefore, my body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness. Tell us what may be good for a person that is sleepless and burning.” “My body is burning, and that has produced sleeplessness” is a typical description of anxiety and related sleeplessness, true even today. Vidura said: “Sleeplessness overtakes thief, a lustful person, him that has lost all his wealth, him that has failed to achieve success and him also that is weak and has been attacked by a strong person”. He therefore described five basic reasons for insomnia and even in today’s science they are true. No new cause has been added in this list of stress-induced insomnia. These situations are:

1. A thief

2. A lustful person

3. A person who has lost all his wealth

4. A person who has failed to achieve success

5. A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person. Ayurveda describes sleep problems as an aggravation of Vata and Pitta doshas. The number one cause of the same is mental tension, suppressed feelings and acute bitterness. The above five situations again hold true to this effect. The other causes of insomnia in Allopathy are constipation, dyspepsia, excessive intake of tea, coffee & alcohol and environmental factors such as excessive cold, heat. In most situations, they are the effect and not the cause of insomnia. The treatment of insomnia involves either suppressing the emotions with drugs or eradication of stress with proper counseling. Bhagavad Gita, Chanakya Niti and Vidur Niti are high level counseling books of ancient era and their texts and sutras are even true today. Bhagavad Gita was the counseling done by Krishna when Arjuna went in an acute anxiety state and could not decide about going to war with this near ones. He said: “My legs are trembling, my bows are leaving me, by body is shaking. What should I do”? The principles of Gita today are incorporated as the principles of any counseling. Chanakya gave principles of how to manage conflicts and win over others. One of his main teachings was that money earned by unfair means can only last for eight years. Another answer to insomnia is learning meditation as described in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras or Yoga Vashistha. It is based on the principle of concentrating on the present, which shifts the inner environment from sympathetic to para sympathetic mode. About 20 min of meditation in the morning and evening provides the same biochemical benefit as acquired from 7 hours of deep sleep. Here are some other sutras of Vidura Niti

• Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge. (1.8)

• Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution. (2.7)

• Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends, the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending, and from whom you derive your power. (4.18)

• A wise man should not reveal his loss of wealth, the vexation of his mind, the misconduct of his own wife, base words spoken by others, and disgrace that has befallen him. (7.1)

1. Look for coexisting medical condition, psychiatric disorder, neurologic disease, sleep disorder or drug associated with insomnia.

2. Insomnia that last less than three months: acute insomnia, circadian rhythm sleep disorders (jet lag, shift work), and high altitude insomnia.

  1. Insomnia that last longer than one month: include inadequate sleep hygiene, psycho-physiological insomnia, idiopathic insomnia, behavioral insomnia of childhood, paradoxical insomnia, and insomnia associated with a variety of medical conditions, psychiatric disorders, neurologic diseases, sleep disorders, medications, or drugs.

Acute insomnia

a.     Acute insomnia lasts for less than three months

b.    Is temporally related to an identifiable stressor

c.     Synonyms for acute insomnia include adjustment insomnia, short-term insomnia, stress-related insomnia, and transient insomnia.

d.    Resolve when the stressor resolves or when the individual adapts to it.

e.     Stressors can be physical, psychological, psychosocial, interpersonal, or environmental:

f.     Stressor as mentioned in Vidur Niti: A thief, A lustful person, A person who has lost all his wealth, A person who has failed to achieve success, A person who is weak and has been attacked by a strong person.

g.    Ayurveda describes sleep as an aggravation of Vata. The causes are mental tension; suppressed feelings & acute bitterness.

h.     Other stressors :  Changes in the type or level of background noise; changes in the bedroom, such as a different bed or different furnishings, lighting, temperature, or occupants; consumption of or withdrawal from caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, or foods or beverages that contain these substances; stressful life events, such as loss of a loved one, divorce, loss of employment, arguments, particularly happy or sad events, work demands, or school demands; acute or chronic injuries or illnesses, particularly those causing pain or discomfort; medications or illicit drugs that have stimulant properties such as  theophylline, beta blockers, steroids, thyroxine, bronchodilators, or amphetamines, withdrawal from central nervous system depressant drugs and nursing home or hospital admission.

i.       Stress-induced insomnia is related to increased activation of arousal systems rather than decreased drive for sleep.